The Development of an Ethernet-based Portable Embedded Isolated ECG System

Authors

  • A. S. AlMejrad Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Patient monitoring is an important issue in the medical field, requiring planning, effort, and time. One of the challenges that physicians, nurses, paramedics, and emergency medical technicians face is the shortage of specialized medical equipment and staff with the ability to measure, display, store, and transmit the vital signs of patients for remote diagnosis under critical conditions. Therefore, and based on our evaluation for such needs, our main research objective was to develop a new system to enable these professionals to perform such monitoring functions with a higher level of safety, performance, and time effectiveness with reduced cost. An advanced, integrated, effortless, and portable system was developed, which is capable to measure, monitor, display, store, and transmit data related to the Electrocardiography (ECG) signal along with its derivatives, such as the heart rate using a hybrid system that combines hardware and software.

Keywords:

ECG, biomedical instrumentation, embedded system, medical isolation

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

P. Kligfield et al., "Recommendations for the standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram: part I: The electrocardiogram and its technology: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee, Council on Clinical Cardiology; the American College of Cardiology Foundation; and the Heart Rhythm Society: endorsed by the International Society for Computerized Electrocardiology," Circulation, vol. 115, no. 10, pp. 1306–1324, Mar. 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.180201

W. Einthoven, "The string galvanometer and the human electrocardiogram," in KNAW, Proceedings, Amsterdam , Netherlands, 1904, vol. 6, pp. 107–115.

A. Rosado, M. Bataller, J. F. Guerrero, J. Calpe, J. V. Francés, and J. R. Magdalena, "High performance hardware correlation coefficient assessment using programmable logic for ECG signals," Microprocessors and Microsystems, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 33–39, Feb. 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-9331(02)00083-2

A. C. Zoric and S. S. Ilic, "PC-Based System For Electrocardiography And Data Acquisition," in ℡SIKS 2005 - 2005 uth International Conference on Telecommunication in ModernSatellite, Cable and Broadcasting Services, Nis, Serbia, Sep. 2005, vol. 2, pp. 619–622.

A. Josko and R. J. Rak, "Effective simulation of signals for testing ECG analyzer," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 1019–1024, Jun. 2005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIM.2005.847350

S. Korsakas et al., "The mobile ECG and motion activity monitoring system for home care patients," in 2006 Computers in Cardiology, The Mobile ECG and Motion Activity Monitoring System for Home Care Patient, Sep. 2006, pp. 833–836.

F. Bagheri, N. Ghafarnia, and F. Bahrami, "Electrocardiogram (ECG) Signal Modeling and Noise Reduction Using Hopfield Neural Networks," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 345–348, Feb. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.243

K. H. Hii, V. Narayanamurthy, and F. Samsuri, "ECG Noise Reduction with the Use of the Ant Lion Optimizer Algorithm," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 4525–4529, Aug. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2766

S. Kara, S. Kemaloğlu, and Ş. Kirbaş, "Low-Cost Compact ECG With Graphic LCD and Phonocardiogram System Design," Journal of Medical Systems, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 205–209, Jun. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-005-7989-6

A. S. AlMejrad, "A Single Supply Standard 8051 Microcontroller Based Medical K-grade Isolation ECG Module with Graphics LCD," in 2012 Second International Conference on Intelligent System Design and Engineering Application, Sanya, China, Jan. 2012, pp. 1184–1187. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISdea.2012.584

A. S. AlMejrad, "Design of an intelligent system for speech monitoring and treatment of low and excessive vocal intensity," Artificial Life and Robotics, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 320–324, Sep. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10015-010-0816-5

"Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)," WHO, May 2017. https://www.

who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds) (accessed Apr. 20, 2021).

N. Aljefree and F. Ahmed, "Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease and Associated Risk Factors among Adult Population in the Gulf Region: A Systematic Review," Advances in Public Health, vol. 2015, Jan. 2015, Art. no. e235101. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/235101

G. W. Johnson, Labview Graphical Programming: Practical Applications in Instrumentation and Control/Book and Disk. New York, NY, USA: Mcgraw-Hill, 1994.

B. S. M. MACC and T. K. MD, Chou’s Electrocardiography in Clinical Practice: Adult and Pediatric, 6th edition. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Saunders, 2008.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
A. S. AlMejrad, “The Development of an Ethernet-based Portable Embedded Isolated ECG System”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7125–7129, Jun. 2021.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 132
PDF Downloads: 142

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share