Effects of Ambient Temperature on the Performance of Turbofan Transonic Compressor by CFD Analysis and Artificial Neural Networks
The unfavorable effects of non-uniform temperature inlet flow on gas turbine engine operations have always been a hindrance on the performance of turbo-fan engines. The propulsive efficiency is a function of the overall efficiency of turbofan engine which itself is dependent on other ambient parameters. Variation of inlet compressor temperature due to increase or decrease of aircraft altitude, air density, relative humidity, and geographical climate conditions affects the compressor performance. This research focuses on the turbofan transonic compressor performance due to ambient temperature distortion. A novel predictive approach based on neural network model has been implemented to predict the compressor performance and behavior at different ambient temperature conditions. The model produces substantially accurate results when compared to the results of CFD analysis. Computational results from CFD analysis show that engine thrust decreases at higher altitude, lower density and lower pressure regions.
Keywords:transonic compressor, temperature distortion, CFD, artificial neural networks, deep learning
H. Zhou, F. Yu, K. Yang, “Study on Design Compliences of Civil Turbofan Engine with the requirements defined in FAR 33.65”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 80, pp. 183-192, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.09.073
W. Balicki, P. Glowacki, S. Szczecinski, R. Chachurski, J. Szczecinsk, “Effect of the Atmosphere on the Performances of Aviation Turbine Engine”, Acta Mechanica et Automatica, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 70-73, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ama-2014-0012
T. K. Ibrahim, M. M. Rahman, O. M. Ali, F. Basrawi, R. Mamat, “Optimum Performance Enhancing Strategies of the Gas Turbine Based on the Effective Temperatures”, MATEC Web of Conferences, Vol. 38, Article ID 01002, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20163801002
N. R. Smith, R. A. Berdanier, J. C. Fabian, N. L. Key, “Reconciling Compressor Performance Differences for Varying Ambient Inlet Conditions”, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines & Power, Vol. 137, No. 12, Article ID 122603, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4030518
S. L. Dixon, C. A. Hall, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, Elsevier, 2005
R. Stasyshan, N. Breedlove, “How Inlet conditions impact on Centrifugal Air compressor”, available at: www.airbestpractices.com/technology/air-compressors/how-inlet-conditions-impact-centrifugal-air-compressor-performance
T. K. Ibrahim, M. M. Rahman, M. K. Mohammed, F. Basrawi, “Statistical analysis and optimum performance of the gas turbine power plant”, International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 3215-3225, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame.13.1.2016.8.0268
A. Razak, “Simulating the effect of change in ambient pressure on engine performance”, in: Industrial Gas Turbines, Woodhead Publishing, pp. 293-322, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1533/9781845693404.2.291
Z. Liu, X. Liu, K. Wang, Z. Liang, J. A. F. O. Correia, A. M. P. De Jesus, “GA-BP Neural Network-Based Strain Prediction in Full-Scale Static Testing of Wind Turbine Blades”, Energies, Vol. 12, No. 6, Article ID 1026, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12061026
A. Samad, K. Y. Kim, “Shape optimization of an axial compressor blade by multi-objective genetic algorithem”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, Vol. 222, No. 5, pp. 599-611, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1243/09576509JPE596
A. Jokar, R. Zomorodian, M. G. Ghofrani, P. Khodaparast, “Active control of surge in centrifugal compressors using a brain emotional learning-based intelligent controller”, Proceesing of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Vol. 230, No. 16, pp. 2828-2839, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0954406215602281
Y. Zhao, H. D. Akolekar, J. Weatheritt, V. Michelassi, R. D. Sandberg, “Turbulence Model Development using CFD-Driven Machine Learning”, available at: https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.09075, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2020.109413
S. A. Gandhi, C. V. Kulkarni, “Why SSIM? - A Full Reference Image Quality Assessment”, International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 135-142, 2013
I. Goodfellow, Y. Bengio, A. Courville, Deep Learning, MIT Press, 2016
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 494
PDF Downloads: 330
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.