Identification of Risk Factors Influencing Road Traffic Accidents


  • M. Touahmia College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 2417-2421 | February 2018 |


Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are becoming a major problem around the world, incurring enormous losses of human and economic resources. Recent reports from the World Health Organization (WHO) reveal that each year more than 1.25 million people are killed and 50 million are injured in road traffic accidents worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, statistics show that at least one traffic accident occurs every minute, causing up to 7,000 deaths and over 39,000 injuries annually. In this study, the main causes of RATs in the province of Hail are examined. The data was collected through the use of a survey which was developed to evaluate the effect of influencing parameters on RTA rate. The results show that 67% of RTAs result from human factors, 29% from road conditions and 4% from vehicle defects. Excessive speed and violation of traffic rules and regulations were found to be the main causes of RATs. Low rates of compliance with speed limit signs and seat-belt regulations were also observed. These findings highlight the need of strengthening effective traffic law enforcement alongside with improving traffic safety and raising public awareness.


road traffic accidents, regulations, RTAs, survey, traffic, speeding


Download data is not yet available.


World Health Organization, Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015, 2015

A. A. Galal, “Traffic accidents and road safety management: A comparative analysis and evaluation in industrial, developing and rich-developing countries”, 29th Southern African Transport Conference, pp. 530-540, 2010

F. A. Mansuri, A. H. Al-Zalabani, M. M. Zalat, R. I. Qabshawi, “Road safety and road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review of existing evidence”, Saudi Medical Journal, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 418–424, 2015 DOI:

E. S. Gharaibeh, A. M. Abu Abdo, “Assessment of Traffic Safety and Awareness among Youth in Al-Ahsa Region, Saudi Arabia”, Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 210-215, 2011

A. J. Al-Saif, Prediction of Traffic Accidents in GCC, Solutions, and the Role of Al-Shura Council in Addressing That, Saudi Arabia as a Model, King Fahd National Library, 2010

A. Bener, F. M. Abu-Zidan, A. K. Bensiali, A. A. K. Al-Mulla, K. S. Jadaan, “Strategy to improve road safety in developing countries”, Saudi Medical Journal, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 603–608, 2003

S. F. Ansari, A. M. Mandoorah, K. Moutaery, “Causes and Effects of Road Traffic Accidents in Saudi Arabia”, Public Health, Vol. 114, No. 1, pp. 37-39, 2000 DOI:

S. Ramisetty-Mikler, A. Almakadma, “Attitudes and behaviors towards risky driving among adolescents in Saudi Arabia”, International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 55-63, 2016 DOI:

Y. A. Al-Turki, “How can Saudi Arabia use the decade of action for road safety to catalyse road traffic injury prevention policy and interventions?”, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 397-402, 2013 DOI:

T. Usman, L. Fu, F. Miranda-Moreno, “Quantifying safety benefit of winter road maintenance: Accident frequency modelling”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 42, No. 6 pp. 1878–1887, 2010 DOI:

A. S. Al-Ghamdi, “Analysis of Traffic Accidents at Urban Intersections in Riyadh”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 717-724, 2003 DOI:

J. T. Wong, Y. S. Chung, “Investigating Driving Styles and Their Connections to Speeding and accident Experience”, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 8, pp. 1944-1958, 2010

M. H. Khan, I. Ahmed, N. Zia, T. S. Babar, T. S. and K. S. Babar, “Road traffic accidents: Study of risk factors”, Professional Medicine Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 323-327, 2007

D. Eisenberg, “The mixed effects of precipitation on traffic crashes”, Accident Analysis and Prevention”, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 637–647, 2004 DOI:

R. A. Scopotz, C. E. Hatch, B. H. Delucia, K.A. Tays, “Unlicensed to kill”, AAA, Foundation for Traffic Safety, 2003

C. L. Hanna, D. M. Taylor, M. A. Sheppard, L. Laflamme, “Fatal crashes involving young unlicensed drivers in the U.S”, Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 37, No. 4, 385-393, 2005 DOI:

UK Department of Transport Research, Unlicensed Driving, Report No. 4, 2003

B. Watson, “A survey of unlicensed driving offenders”, Road Safety Research, Policing & Education Conference, pp. 181-190, 2004

R. A. Al-Naggar, K. Al-Jashamy, “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Road Traffic Regulations Among University Students, Malaysia”, International Medical Journal Malaysia, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp: 29-34, 2010

Y. M. Al-Khaldi, “Attitude and practice towards road traffic regulations among students of health Sciences College in Aseer region”, Journal of Family & Community Medicine, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp.109-13, 2006


How to Cite

M. Touahmia, “Identification of Risk Factors Influencing Road Traffic Accidents”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2417–2421, Feb. 2018.


Abstract Views: 3306
PDF Downloads: 1140

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)