Creep Performance of Geosynthetic Reinforcements


  • M. Touahmia College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • H. Gasmi Civil Engineering Department, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • M. A. Said Architectural Engineering Department, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 10 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 6147-6151 | August 2020 |


Most geosynthetic materials exhibit rheological properties that lead to creep strain response when subjected to sustained loads, and consequently it is necessary to evaluate their long-term creep deformation before any real application. This paper presents the results of sustained loading tests conducted on large-scale geogrid soil reinforcement. The purpose of these laboratory tests was to identify the appropriate design parameters for geosynthetic-reinforced systems. The results of these tests demonstrate the continuous creep deformation characteristic of geogrid materials under constant sustained loading. The increase in the applied load led to a continuous increase in the amount and rate of the geogrid creep deformation. The data analysis method used in this investigation enabled the possibility of predicting the load-deformation-time behavior and the ultimate load of geosynthetic reinforcements.


soil reinforcement, geosynthetics, geogrid, creep


Download data is not yet available.


A. Sawicki, "A Basis for Modelling Creep and Stress Relaxation Behaviour of Geogrids," Geosynthetics International, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 637-645, Jan. 1998. DOI:

H. Yoo, H.-Y. Jeon, and Y.-C. Chang, "Evaluation of Engineering Properties of Geogrids for Soil Retaining Walls," Textile Research Journal, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 184-192, Jan. 2010. DOI:

R. J. Bathurst, B.-Q. Huang, and T. m. Allen, "Interpretation of laboratory creep testing for reliability-based analysis and load and resistance factor design (LRFD) calibration," Geosynthetics International, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 39-53, Feb. 2012. DOI:

M. Touahmia, "Performance of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Soils Under Static and Cyclic Loading," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1523-1527, Apr. 2017. DOI:

ASTM D5262 - 07(2016), Test Method for Evaluating the Unconfined Tension Creep and Creep Rupture Behavior of Geosynthetics. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2016.

ASTM D6637 / D6637M-15, Standard Test Method for Determining Tensile Properties of Geogrids by the Single or Multi-Rib Tensile Method,. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2015.

J. G. Zornberg, B. R. Byler, and J. W. Knudsen, "Creep of Geotextiles Using Time-Temperature Superposition Methods," Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 130, no. 11, pp. 1158-1168, Nov. 2004. DOI:

C. J. F. P. Jones and D. Clarke, "The residual strength of geosynthetic reinforcement subjected to accelerated creep testing and simulated seismic events," Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 155-169, Jun. 2007.

F. Franca and B. Bueno, "Creep behavior of geosynthetics using confined-accelerated tests," Geosynthetics International, vol. 18, pp. 242-254, Oct. 2011. DOI:

J. Wesseloo, A. T. Visser, and E. Rust, "A mathematical model for the strain-rate dependent stress-strain response of HDPE geomembranes," Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 273-295, Aug. 2004. DOI:

R. J. Bathurst and V. N. Kaliakin, "Review of Numerical Models for Geosynthetics in Reinforcement Applications," presented at the Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics: 11th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, Torino, Italy, Jun. 2005, vol. 4, pp. 407-416.

M. Touahmia, A. Rouili, M. Boukendakdji, and B. Achour, "Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Geogrid-Reinforced Soil Systems," Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 5295-5303, Oct. 2018. DOI:

B. F. G. Tano, G. Stoltz, N. Touze-Foltz, D. Dias, and F. Olivier, "A numerical modelling technique for geosynthetics validated on a cavity model test," Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 339-349, Aug. 2017. DOI:

A. Lazizi, H. Trouzine, A. Asroun, and F. Belabdelouhab, "Numerical Simulation of Tire Reinforced Sand behind Retaining Wall Under Earthquake Excitation," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 605-611, Apr. 2014. DOI:

ASTM D6706-01(2013), Test Method for Measuring Geosynthetic Pullout Resistance in Soil. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2013.

M. Touahmia, "Laboratory performance of steel mechanically stabilized earth reinforcements," International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Nov. 2018. DOI:

C. M. L. Costa, J. G. Zornberg, B. de S. Bueno, and Y. D. J. Costa, "Centrifuge evaluation of the time-dependent behavior of geotextile-reinforced soil walls," Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 188-200, Apr. 2016. DOI:

DIN 4125, "Ground Anchorages: Design, Construction and Testing: Deutsche Norm," Beuth Verlag, 1990


How to Cite

M. Touahmia, H. Gasmi, and M. A. Said, “Creep Performance of Geosynthetic Reinforcements”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 6147–6151, Aug. 2020.


Abstract Views: 664
PDF Downloads: 390

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>