Analysis and Fabrication of an Active Cooling System for Reducing Photovoltaic Module Temperature
The purpose of this study is to fabricate and analyze an active cooling system for reducing photovoltaic (PV) module temperature and increasing its efficiency. An active cooling system was devised to cool the PV module. Two modules of same specifications were used for this study. One module was cooled, and other was left un-cooled for performance comparison. Solar radiations, wind speed, ambient temperature and temperatures at different points of the fabricated system were measured. The modules were mounted on a frame facing true south at the inclination of the latitude of the location. The measurements were taken during daytime with one hour intervals for two weeks. The temperatures at various points on cooled and un-cooled photovoltaic modules were noted using two different flow rates with 1 lit/min and 2 lit/min. It was discovered that the efficiency of PV module was enhanced from 6% to 7% during study period. The flow rate of 1lit/min was found more feasible for heat extraction as compared to the flow rate of 2lit/min. The wind speed was found to be more helpful for heat extraction from the modules as compared to other climatic parameters.
Keywords:active cooling system, photovoltaic module, module temperature
S. Rao, B. B. Parulekar, Energy Technology - Non Conventional, Renewable and Conventional, Third Revised and Updated Edition, Khanna Publishers, 2007
A. Q. Jakhrani, A. K. Othman, A. R. H. Rigit, S. R. Samo, S. A. Kamboh, “A novel analytical model for optimal sizing of standalone photovoltaic systems”, Energy, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 675-682, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.05.020
S. A. Kalogirou, Solar energy engineering, Processes and systems Academic Press, 2013
B. Mondoc, F. Pop, “Factors Influencing the Performance of a Photovoltaic Power Plant”, 3rd International Conference on Modern Power System, Romania, 2010
E. Gordo, N. Khalaf, T. Strangeowl, R. Dolino, N. Bennett, Factors Affecting Solar Power Production Efficiency, Supercomputing Challenge, Miyamura High School, 2015
International Electrotechnical Commission. Photovoltaic system performance monitoring-guidelines for measurement, data exchange and analysis, International Standard IEC 61724, 1998
C. U. Ike, The effect of temperature on the performance of a photovoltaic solar system in Eastern Nigeria”, Research Inventy: International Journal Of Engineering And Science, Vol. 3, No. 12, pp. 10-14, 2013
E. Cuce, T. Bali, S. A. Sekucoglu, “Effects of passive cooling on performance of silicon photovoltaic cells”, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 299-308, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctr018
R. Mazon-Hernasndez, J. R. García-Cascales, F. Vera-García, A. S. Kaiser, B. Zamora, “Improving the electrical parameters of a photovoltaic panel by means of an induced or forced air stream”, International Journal of Photoenergy, Article ID 830968, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/830968
A. Hassan, Phase Change Materials for Thermal Regulation of Building Integrated Photovoltaics,PhD Thesis, Dublin Institute of Technology, 2010
L. Micheli, E. F. Fernandez, F. Almonacid, T. K. Mallick, G. P. Smestad, “Performance, limits and economic perspectives for passive cooling of High Concentrator Photovoltaics”, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 153, pp. 164-178, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.04.016
C. G. Popovici, S. V. Hudisteanu, T. D. Mateescu, N. C. Chereches, “Efficiency Improvement of Photovoltaic Panels by Using Air Cooled Heat Sinks”, Energy Procedia, Vol. 85, pp. 425-432, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.12.223
M. S. Chandrasekar, S. Suresh, T. Senthilkumar, M. G. Karthikeyan “Passive cooling of standalone flat PV module with cotton wick structures”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 71, pp. 43-50, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2013.03.012
H. G. Teo, P. S. Lee, M. Hawlader. “An active cooling system for photovoltaic modules” Applied Energy, Vol. 90, No. 1, pp. 309-315, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.01.017
R. Hosseini, H. Naghmeh, H. Khorasanizadeh, “An experimental study of combining a photovoltaic system with a heating system”, World Renewable Energy Congress, Linkoping, Sweden, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3384/ecp110572993
B. Du, E. Hu, M. Kolhe, “Performance analysis of water cooled concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 9, pp. 6732-6736, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.09.007
H. Bahaidarah, A. Subhan, P. Gandhidasan, S. Rehman, “Performance evaluation of a PV (Photovoltaic) module by back surface water cooling for hot climatic conditions” Energy, Vol. 59, pp. 445-453, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.07.050
K. A. Moharram, M. S. Abd-Elhady, H. A. Kandil, H. El-Sherif, “Enhancing the performance of photovoltaic panels by water cooling”, Ain Shams Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 869-877, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2013.03.005
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 1015
PDF Downloads: 480
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.