Optimal Placement and Sizing of Fault Current Limiters in Distributed Generation Systems Using a Hybrid Genetic Algorithm
Distributed Generation (DG) connection in a power system tends to increase the short circuit level in the entire system which, in turn, could eliminate the protection coordination between the existing relays. Fault Current Limiters (FCLs) are often used to reduce the short-circuit level of the network to a desirable level, provided that they are dully placed and appropriately sized. In this paper, a method is proposed for optimal placement of FCLs and optimal determination of their impedance values by which the relay operation time, the number and size of the FCL are minimized while maintaining the relay coordination before and after DG connection. The proposed method adopts the removal of low-impact FCLs and uses a hybrid Genetic Algorithm (GA) optimization scheme to determine the optimal placement of FCLs and the values of their impedances. The suitability of the proposed method is demonstrated by examining the results of relay coordination in a typical DG network before and after DG connection.
Keywords:hybrid GA, FCL, placement, DG, relay
F. Razavi, H. A. Abyaneh, M. Al-Dabbagh, R. Mohammadi, H. Torkaman, “A new comprehensive genetic algorithm method for optimal overcurrent relays coordination”, Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 78, No. 4, pp. 713-720, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2007.05.013
J. B. Ekanayake, “A systematic approach for phase-fault over-current protection coordination of complex networks”, International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 229-238, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7227/IJEEE.45.3.4
A. S. Noghabi, H. R. Mashhadi, J. Sadeh, “Optimal coordination of directional overcurrent relays considering different network topologies using interval linear programming”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 1348-1354, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2041560
W. K. A. Najy, H. H. Zeineldin, W. L. Woon, “Optimal protection coordination for microgrids with grid-connected and islanded capability”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 60, No. 4, pp. 1668-1677, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2012.2192893
J. –H. Teng, C. –N. Lu, “Optimum fault current limiter placement with search space reduction technique”, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 485-494, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2009.0340
S. A. Hosseini, H. A. Abyaneh, S. H. H. Sadeghi, F. Razavi, “Merging the retrieval of the protection coordination of distribution networks equipped with DGs in the process of their siting and sizing”, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4954706
H. –C. Jo, S. –K. Joo, K. Lee. “Optimal placement of superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) for protection of an electric power system with distributed generations (DGs)”, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 23, No. 3, Article Sequence Number: 5600304, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2012.2232958
W. El-Khattam, T. S. Sidhu, “Restoration of directional overcurrent relay coordination in distributed generation systems utilizing fault current limiter”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 576-585, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2008.915778
A. S. Noghabi, J. Sadeh, H. R. Mashhadi, “Considering different network topologies in optimal overcurrent relay coordination using a hybrid GA”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 1857-1863, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2009.2029057
H. H. Zeineldin, E. F. El-Saadany, M. M. A. Salama, “Optimal coordination of overcurrent relays using a modified particle swarm optimization”, Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 76, No. 11, pp. 988-995, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2005.12.001
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 722
PDF Downloads: 347
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.