Investigation of an Antireflective Coating System for Solar Cells based on Thin Film Multilayers

Authors

  • Hammadi Khmissi Department of Physics, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia | Micro-Optoelectronic Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Monastir, Monastir 5019, Tunisia
  • Bilel Azeza Department of Physics, College of Sciences and Arts, Turaif, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia | Micro-Optoelectronic Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Monastir, Monastir 5019, Tunisia
  • Mohamed Bouzidi Department of Physics, College of Sciences and Arts, Turaif, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia | Micro-Optoelectronic Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Monastir, Monastir 5019, Tunisia
  • Zainab Al-Rashidi Department of Physics, College of Sciences and Arts, Turaif, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia | Micro-Optoelectronic Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Monastir, Monastir 5019, Tunisia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 14374-14379 | June 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.7375

Abstract

The optical loss due to reflection is a significant barrier to the quantum efficiency of solar cells. In this work, an antireflective coating based on multilayers of metal oxides (TiO2, SiO2, ZnO) was prepared with the spin coating method. The coatings' antireflective, hydrophobic, and photocatalytic properties were examined. Based on the requirements met by the refractive index, a methodical selection of material and thickness for each layer was made in order to achieve near-zero reflection. The performance of different coating systems was examined by evaluating the percentage transmittance in the visible light range (400 nm - 800 nm). The optical properties of the obtained samples were studied with regard to transmittance and reflectance. The surface wettability of antireflective coating films was assessed by measuring the Water Contact Angle (WCA). The photocatalytic characteristics were evaluated by analyzing of the degradation of 0.02 mM Methylene Blue (MB) solutions after sunlight exposure for varying durations at midday.

Keywords:

antireflective coating, multilayer, photocatalytic property, solar cell

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

S. Chu, Y. Cui, and N. Liu, "The Path towards Sustainable Energy," Nature Materials, vol. 16, pp. 16–22, Jan. 2017.

D. M. Chapin, C. S. Fuller, and G. L. Pearson, "A New Silicon p-n Junction Photocell for Converting Solar Radiation into Electrical Power," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 25, Apr. 1954, Art. no. 676.

V. S. K. S. Sistla, S. K. Bitra, and S. Chella, "Design and Optical Performance of a Single-Junction GaAs Nanowire-Ge Solar Cell," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 11655–11660, Oct. 2023.

T. Pavlovic et al., "Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion," in The Sun and Photovoltaic Technologies, T. Pavlovic, Ed. Springer, Cham, 2020, pp. 1–25.

J. Keller et al., "High-concentration silver alloying and steep back-contact gallium grading enabling copper indium gallium selenide solar cell with 23.6% efficiency," Nature Energy, Feb. 2024.

S.-Y. Kuo et al., "Flexible-textured polydimethylsiloxane antireflection structure for enhancing omnidirectional photovoltaic performance of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells," Optical Express, vol. 22, pp. 2860–2867, Feb. 2014.

D. Li, F. Huang, and S. Ding, "Sol–gel preparation and characterization of nanoporous ZnO/SiO2 coatings with broadband antireflection properties," Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, pp. 9752–9756, Apr. 2011.

R. Patel et al., "Fabricating multilayer antireflective coating for near complete transmittance in broadband visible light spectrum," Optical Materials, vol. 108, Oct. 2020, Art. no. 110415.

B. G. Priyadarshini and A. K. Sharma, "Design of multi-layer anti-reflection coating for terrestrial solar panel glass," Bulletin of Materials Science, vol. 39, May 2016.

D. Adak et al., "Non lithographic block copolymer directed self-assembled and plasma treated self-cleaning transparent coating for photovoltaic modules and other solar energy devices," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 188, pp. 127–139, Aug. 2018.

A. J. Haider, A. A. Najim, and M. A. H. Muhi, "TiO2/Ni composite as antireflection coating for solar cell application," Optical Communications, vol. 370, pp. 263–266, Mar. 2016.

X. Sun et al., "Preparation of MgF2/SiO2 coating with broadband antireflective coating by using sol–gel combined with electron beam evaporation," Optical Materials, vol. 101, Mar. 2020, Art. no. 109739.

M. M. Nadareishvili, G. Mamniashvili, D. Jishiashvili, G. Abramishvili, C. Ramana, and J. Ramsden, "Investigation of the Visible Light-Sensitive ZnO Photocatalytic Thin Films," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5524–5527, Apr. 2020.

J. Wang, Y. Niu, M. Hojamberdiev, F. M. Alamgir, Y. Cai, and K. Jacob, "Novel triple-layered photoanodes based on TiO2 nanoparticles, TiO2 nanotubes, and β-NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@SiO2@TiO2 for highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 160, pp. 361–371, Feb. 2017.

C. Ji et al., "Recent Applications of Antireflection Coatings in Solar Cells," Photonics, vol. 9, no. 12, Nov. 2022, Art. no. 906.

L. K. Markov, A. S. Pavluchenko, I. P. Smirnova, M. V. Mesh, D. S. Kolokolov, and A. P. Pushkarev, "Study of Deposition of Al2O3 Nanolayers by Atomic Layer Deposition on the Structured ITO Films," Semiconductors, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 257–262, May 2023.

M. Keshavarz Hedayati and M. Elbahri, "Antireflective Coatings: Conventional Stacking Layers and Ultrathin Plasmonic Metasurfaces, A Mini-Review," Materials, vol. 9, no. 6, Jun. 2016, Art. no. 497.

W. A. A. Syed, N. Rafiq, A. Ali, R. Din, and W. H. Shah, "Multilayer AR coatings of TiO2/MgF2 for application in optoelectronic devices,” Optik, vol. 136, pp. 564–572, May 2017.

T. Yamaguchi, H. Tamura, S. Taga, and S. Tsuchiya, "Interfacial optical absorption in TiO_2–SiO_2 multilayer coatings prepared by rf magnetron sputtering, " Applied Optics, vol. 25, no. 16, Aug. 1986, Art. no. 2703.

J. Y. Huang, Y. Wang, G. Tao Fei, S. H. Xu, Z. Zeng, and B. Wang, "TiO2/ZnO double-layer broadband antireflective and down-shifting coatings for solar applications," Ceramics International, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 11091–11100, Apr. 2023.

L. Yang, J. Yang, and D.-Q. Yang, "A durable superhydrophilic self-cleaning coating based on TiO2–SiO2-PAA nanocomposite for photovoltaic applications: Long-term outdoor study," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 268, May 2024, Art. no. 112731.

W. Lin, X. Hu, X. You, L. Yan, X. Zhang, and H. Chen, "Design of four-layer tri-wavelength silica antireflective coatings with vector method containing absentee layer," Results in Physics, vol. 13, Jun. 2019, Art. no. 102203.

H. K. Raut, V. A. Ganesh, A. S. Nair, and S. Ramakrishna, “Anti-reflective coatings: A critical, in-depth review,” Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 10, 2011, Art. no. 3779.

X. Sun, J. Tu, L. Li, W. Zhang, and K. Hu, "Preparation of wide-angle and abrasion-resistant multi-layer antireflective coatings by MgF2 and SiO2 mixed sol," Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 602, Oct. 2020, Art. no. 125106.

A. Alshoaibi and S. Islam, "Thermally stable ZnO doped SiO2–TiO2 nanocomposite based Opto-chemical sensor, " Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 267, Jul. 2021, Art. no. 124687.

B. A. Sava, A. Diaconu, M. Elisa, C. E. A. Grigorescu, I. C. Vasiliu, and A. Manea, "Structural characterization of the sol–gel oxide powders from the ZnO–TiO2–SiO2 system," Superlattices and Microstructures, vol. 42, no. 1–6, pp. 314–321, Jul. 2007.

Α. Μ. Mouafki, F. Bouaïcha, A. Hedibi, and A. Gueddim, "Porous Silicon Antireflective Coatings for Silicon Solar Cells," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8354–8358, Apr. 2022.

R. G. Karunakaran, C.-H. Lu, Z. Zhang, and S. Yang, "Highly Transparent Superhydrophobic Surfaces from the Coassembly of Nanoparticles (≤100 nm)," Langmuir, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 4594–4602, Apr. 2011.

H. Ye et al., "Preparation of antireflective coatings with high transmittance and enhanced abrasion-resistance by a base/acid two-step catalyzed sol–gel process, " Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 8, pp. 2347–2351, Aug. 2011.

G. Helsch and J. Deubener, "Compatibility of antireflective coatings on glass for solar applications with photocatalytic properties," Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 831–836, Mar. 2012.

W. Thongsuwan, W. Sroila, T. Kumpika, E. Kantarak, and P. Singjai, "Antireflective, photocatalytic, and superhydrophilic coating prepared by facile sparking process for photovoltaic panels," Scientific Reports, vol. 12, no. 1, Jan. 2022, Art. no. 1675.

A. A. Ahmad, Q. M. Al-Bataineh, A. M. Alsaad, T. O. Samara, and K. A. Al-izzy, "Optical properties of hydrophobic ZnO nano-structure based on antireflective coatings of ZnO/TiO/SiO thin films‏," Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol. 593, Sep. 2020, Art. no. 412263.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
H. Khmissi, B. Azeza, M. Bouzidi, and Z. Al-Rashidi, “Investigation of an Antireflective Coating System for Solar Cells based on Thin Film Multilayers”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 14374–14379, Jun. 2024.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 214
PDF Downloads: 94

Metrics Information