Performance of Hybrid Castellated Beams
Prediction Using Finite Element Modeling
Received: 12 February 2022 | Revised: 28 February 2022 | Accepted: 2 March 2022 | Online: 9 April 2022
Corresponding author: W. A. Salah
In the current study, the up to failure behavior of the Hybrid Castellated Beams (HCBs) is predicted with the use of a developed Finite Element (FE) model. Both material and geometric nonlinearities are considered in the numerical simulations. The accuracy of the FE model was validated using the experimental test results presented in the literature. The results of the FE analysis had a close agreement with the experimental work in predicting the failure load and failure mode pattern. A parametric study was conducted to investigate the influence of some parameters on HCBs’ ultimate strength. These parameters included slenderness of compression flange, beam span-to-depth ratio, and laterally unbraced length of compression flange. A design formula is proposed to estimate the inelastic lateral-distortional strength of both homogeneous and hybrid material castellated beams.
Keywords:castellated beams, finite element analysis, failure load, lateral-distortional, unbraced length, slenderness
M. A. Serna, A. Lopez, I. Puente, and D. J. Yong, "Equivalent uniform moment factors for lateral–torsional buckling of steel members," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 566–580, Jun. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2005.09.001
H. Veladi and H. Najafi, "Effect of Standard No. 2800 Rules for Moment Resisting Frames on the Elastic and Inelastic Behavior of Dual Steel Systems," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2139–2146, Dec. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1040
P. C. Nguyen, B. Le-Van, and S. D. T. V. Thanh, "Nonlinear Inelastic Analysis of 2D Steel Frames : An Improvement of the Plastic Hinge Method," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 5974–5978, Aug. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3600
N. L. Tran and T. H. Nguyen, "Reliability Assessment of Steel Plane Frame’s Buckling Strength Considering Semi-rigid Connections," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 5099–5103, Feb. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3231
E. H. Mehr and H. R. Saba, "Ductility Evaluation of Steel Structures with Reduced Beam Sections and Post-Tensioned Cables Using the Finite Element Method," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2236–2239, Dec. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1568
K. F. Chung, T. C. H. Liu, and A. C. H. Ko, "Investigation on Vierendeel mechanism in steel beams with circular web openings," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 467–490, May 2001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-974X(00)00035-3
S. Durif, A. Bouchair, and O. Vassart, "Experimental tests and numerical modeling of cellular beams with sinusoidal openings," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 82, pp. 72–87, Mar. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.12.010
A. H. Gandomi, S. M. Tabatabaei, M. H. Moradian, A. Radfar, and A. H. Alavi, "A new prediction model for the load capacity of castellated steel beams," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 67, no. 7, pp. 1096–1105, Jul. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2011.01.014
S. G. Morkhade and L. M. Gupta, "An experimental and parametric study on steel beams with web openings," International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 249–260, Sep. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40091-015-0095-4
M. Najafi and Y. C. Wang, "Behaviour and design of steel members with web openings under combined bending, shear and compression," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 128, pp. 579–600, Jan. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2016.09.011
P. D. Pachpor, L. M. Gupta, and N. V. Deshpande, "Analysis and Design of Cellular Beam and its Verification," IERI Procedia, vol. 7, pp. 120–127, Jan. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ieri.2014.08.019
P. Sivak, I. Delyova, and T. Kaluja, "Determining the strength properties of castellated girders by experimental and numerical modeling," in 55th International Conference on Experimental Stress Analysis, Novy Smokovec, Slovakia, Jun. 2017, pp. 534–542.
M. A. Gizejowski and W. A. Salah, "Numerical Modeling of Composite Castellated Beams," in International Conference on Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete, Tabernash, CO, USA, Jul. 2008, pp. 554–565.
D. Kerdal and D. A. Nethercot, "Failure modes for castellated beams," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 295–315, Jan. 1984. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-974X(84)90004-X
J. Megharief and R. Redwood, "Behaviour of composite castellated beams," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 199–200, Apr. 1998. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-974X(98)80019-9
M. R. Soltani, A. Bouchair, and M. Mimoune, "Nonlinear FE analysis of the ultimate behavior of steel castellated beams," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 70, pp. 101–114, Mar. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2011.10.016
A. J. Wang and K. F. Chung, "Advanced finite element modelling of perforated composite beams with flexible shear connectors," Engineering Structures, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 2724–2738, Oct. 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2008.03.001
M. M. Sehwail, "Lateral Torsional Buckling of Steel I-Section Cellular Beams," Ph.D. dissertation, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Cyprus, 2013.
D. Sonck and J. Belis, "Weak-axis flexural buckling of cellular and castellated columns," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 124, pp. 91–100, Sep. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2016.05.002
K. D. Tsavdaridis and C. D’Mello, "Web buckling study of the behaviour and strength of perforated steel beams with different novel web opening shapes," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 1605–1620, Oct. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2011.04.004
W. Zaarour and R. Redwood, "Web Buckling in Thin Webbed Castellated Beams," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 122, no. 8, pp. 860–866, Aug. 1996. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1996)122:8(860)
T. Zirakian and H. Showkati, "Distortional buckling of castellated beams," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 62, no. 9, pp. 863–871, Sep. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2006.01.004
F. Ahmad and N. Zoubi, "Tension field action behavior in the hybrid steel girders for Ohio approach spans of Blennerhassett Island Bridge," Bridge Structures, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 211–221, Sep. 2005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15732480500247421
A. Azizinamini, J. B. Hash, A. J. Yakel, and R. Farimani, "Shear Capacity of Hybrid Plate Girders," Journal of Bridge Engineering, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 535–543, Sep. 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2007)12:5(535)
M. Bock, R. Chacon, E. Mirambell, and E. Real, "Hybrid steel plate girders subjected to patch loading," Steel Construction, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/stco.201200001
N. Greco and C. J. Earls, "Structural Ductility in Hybrid High Performance Steel Beams," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 129, no. 12, pp. 1584–1595, Dec. 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2003)129:12(1584)
M. Veljkovic and B. Johansson, "Design of hybrid steel girders," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 535–547, Mar. 2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-974X(03)00128-7
C. S. Wang, L. Duan, M. Wei, L. X. Liu, and J. Y. Hu, "Bending Behavior of Hybrid High Performance Steel Beams," Advanced Materials Research, vol. 163–167, pp. 492–495, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.163-167.492
R. C. Haddock and Z. Razzaq, "Calculating Bending Stresses in an Unsymmetrical Hybrid Beam," Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 214–218, Nov. 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0680(2009)14:4(214)
A. S. Kulkarni and L. M. Gupta, "Experimental Investigation on Flexural Response of Hybrid Steel Plate Girder," KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 2502–2519, Jul. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-017-0313-7
J. Chroscielewski, Z. Cywinski, and W. Smolenski, "Postbuckling behaviour of hybrid plate girders with web openings," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 165–170, Jan. 1991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-974X(91)90071-8
J. Chroscielewski, Z. Cywinski, and A. Sitarski, "Conventional and advanced bending strength analysis of common and castellated, homogeneous and hybrid I-beams," Stahlbau, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 142–150, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/stab.201201511
M. Smith, ABAQUS/Standard User’s Manual, Version 6.14. Providence, RI, USA: Dassault Systèmes Simulia Corp, 2014.
S. Chen and Y. Jia, "Numerical investigation of inelastic buckling of steel–concrete composite beams prestressed with external tendons," Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 233–242, Mar. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2009.10.009
BS EN 1993-1-3(2006), Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1-3: General rules Supplementary rules for cold-formed members and sheeting. London, UK: British Standards Institution, 2006.
S. Elaiwi, B. Kim, and L.-Y. Li, "Bending Analysis of Castellated Beams," Athens Journal of Τechnology & Engineering, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–16, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30958/ajte.6-1-1
B. Kim, L.-Y. Li, and A. Edmonds, "Analytical Solutions of Lateral–Torsional Buckling of Castellated Beams," International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, vol. 16, no. 08, Oct. 2016, Art. no. 1550044. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219455415500443
I. Kalkan and A. Buyukkaragoz, "A numerical and analytical study on distortional buckling of doubly-symmetric steel I-beams," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 70, pp. 289–297, Mar. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2011.06.006
D. Sonck and J. Belis, "Lateral-Torsional Buckling Resistance of Castellated Beams," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 143, no. 3, Mar. 2017, Art. no. 04016197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001690
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 472
PDF Downloads: 429
Copyright (c) 2022 W. A. Salah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.