Effect of Sustainable Glass Powder on the Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete with Polypropylene Fibers

Authors

  • Z. Ali Hussain Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • N. Aljalawi Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract

Global warming and environmental damage have become major problems. The production of Portland cement releases large quantities of gas, which cause pollution to the atmosphere. This problem can be solved via the use of sustainable materials, such as glass powder. This study investigates the effect of partial replacement of cement with sustainable glass powder at various percentages (0, 15, 20, and 25%) by weight of cement on some mechanical properties (compressive strength, flexural strength, absorption, and dry density) of Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC) containing a percentage of Polypropylene fibers (PRPC) of 1% by weight. Furthermore, steam curing was performed for 5 hours at 90oC after hardening the sample directly. The RPC was designed using local cement, silica fume, and super plasticizer with a water/cement ratio of 0.2 to achieve a compressive strength of 96.3MPa at the age of 28 days, and it was tested at percentages of sustainable glass powder replacement of 0 and 20% by weight of cement. According to the study's findings, RPC's compressive strength rose up to 4.2% as a consequence of the use of sustainable glass powder replacement by 20%, flexural strength up to 15.3%, dry density up to 0.49%, and absorption reduction by 31.7% at the age of 28 days and in comparison with the reference mixture.

Keywords:

reactive powder concrete, sustainable glass powder, polypropylene fibe, flexural strength, compressive strength

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Z. F. Muhsin and N. M. Fawzi, "Effect of Fly Ash on Some Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete," Journal of Engineering, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 32–46, Nov. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31026/j.eng.2021.11.03

P. Richard and M. Cheyrezy, "Composition of reactive powder concretes," Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1501–1511, Jul. 1995. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(95)00144-2

S. Collepardi, L. Coppola, R. Troli, and M. Collepardi, "Mechanical Properties of Modified Reactive Powder Concrete," in Fifth CANMET/ACI International Conference on Superplasticizers and Other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete, Rome, Italy, Oct. 1997.

S. M. Alsaedy and N. Aljalawi, "The Effect of Nanomaterials on the Properties of Limestone Dust Green Concrete," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7619–7623, Oct. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4371

A. W. Ali and N. M. Fawzi, "Production of Light Weight Foam Concrete with Sustainable Materials," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7647–7652, Oct. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4377

A. Shayan and A. Xu, "Value-added utilisation of waste glass in concrete," Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 81–89, Jan. 2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00251-5

J. Reindl, Bibliography on Gypsum Drywall. Madison, WI, USA: Dane County Department of Public Works, 1998.

S. A. A. Kareem and I. F. Ahmed, "Impact Resistance of Bendable Concrete Reinforced with Grids and Containing PVA Solution," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7709–7713, Oct. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4440

S. Kakooei, H. M. Akil, M. Jamshidi, and J. Rouhi, "The effects of polypropylene fibers on the properties of reinforced concrete structures," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 73–77, Oct. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.08.015

B. Han, S. Sun, S. Ding, L. Zhang, X. Yu, and J. Ou, "Review of nanocarbon-engineered multifunctional cementitious composites," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 70, pp. 69–81, Nov. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2014.12.002

V. Afroughsabet and T. Ozbakkaloglu, "Mechanical and durability properties of high-strength concrete containing steel and polypropylene fibers," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 94, pp. 73–82, Jun. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.06.051

S. Sarika and J. Elson, "A Study on Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete," International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 110–113, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17577/IJERTV4IS110170

K. Smith, "Advanced sustainable concrete materials for infrastructure applications," Missouri University of Science and Technology, Parker Hall, MI, USA, 2015.

Iraqi Standard No. 5: Portland Cement. Baghdad, Iraq: Central Organizationfor Standardization and Quality Control, 2019.

ASTM C1240-15(2015), Standard Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious Mixtures. West Conshohocken, PA, USA: ASTM International, 2015.

Iraqi Specification No. 45 for Aggregates of Natural Resources used for Concrete and Construction. Baghdad, Iraq, 1984.

ASTM C311/C311M-17(2017), Standard Test Methods For Sampling And Testing Fly Ash Or Natural Pozzolans For Use In Portland-Cement Concrete. West Conshohocken, PA, USA: ASTM International, 2017.

ASTM-C618-15(2015), Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete. West Conshohocken, PA, USA: ASTM International, 2015.

Iraqi Specification No .1703: Water Used for Concrete and Mortar. Baghdad, Iraq: Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control, 1992.

ASTM-C494/C494M-17(2017), Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete. West Conshohocken, PA, USA: ASTM International, 2017.

A. M. Rashad, "Recycled waste glass as fine aggregate replacement in cementitious materials based on Portland cement," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 72, pp. 340–357, Sep. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.08.092

D. Aljalawi and A. Faleh, "Product high performance concrete by use different type of local pozolana," Journal of Engineering, University of Baghdad, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 620–632, Jan. 2009.

J. Setina, A. Gabrene, and I. Juhnevica, "Effect of Pozzolanic Additives on Structure and Chemical Durability of Concrete," Procedia Engineering, vol. 57, pp. 1005–1012, Jan. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.04.127

W. Kushartomo, I. Bali, and B. Sulaiman, "Mechanical Behavior of Reactive Powder Concrete with Glass Powder Substitute," Procedia Engineering, vol. 125, pp. 617–622, Jan. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.11.082

N. M. Fawzi and A. Y. E. AL-Awadi, "Enhancing Performance of Self–Compacting Concrete with Internal Curing Using Thermostone Chips," Journal of Engineering, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 1–13, Jun. 2017.

B. A. Demiss, W. O. Oyawa, and S. M. Shitote, "Mechanical and microstructural properties of recycled reactive powder concrete containing waste glass powder and fly ash at standard curing," Cogent Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, Jan. 2018, Art. no. 1464877. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311916.2018.1464877

T. Oey, A. Kumar, J. W. Bullard, N. Neithalath, and G. Sant, "The Filler Effect: The Influence of Filler Content and Surface Area on Cementitious Reaction Rates," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 96, no. 6, pp. 1978–1990, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.12264

M. C. G. Juenger and R. Siddique, "Recent advances in understanding the role of supplementary cementitious materials in concrete," Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 78, pp. 71–80, Sep. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2015.03.018

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
Z. Ali Hussain and N. Aljalawi, “Effect of Sustainable Glass Powder on the Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete with Polypropylene Fibers”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8388–8392, Apr. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 273
PDF Downloads: 155

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)