Design of a 1×2 CPW Fractal Antenna Array on Plexiglas Substrate with Defected Ground Plane for Telecommunication Applications

Authors

  • C. Ben Nsir Department of Physics, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia
  • J. M. Ribero Department of Electronics, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France
  • C. Boussetta Department of Physics, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia
  • A. Gharsallah Department of Physics, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia
Volume: 11 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 7897-7903 | December 2021 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4558

Abstract

In this paper, a fractal antenna array for telecommunication applications is presented. The proposed antenna array is realized on a Plexiglas substrate, has 1×2 radiating elements, and dimensions of 170mm×105mm. The antenna array is composed of two Koch Snowflake patches and is fed by a Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) transmission line. Radiating elements and the ground plane are printed on the top side of the substrate. Defected Ground Structure (DGS) technique is employed to enhance the bandwidth and improve the impedance matching. The proposed antenna array operates at two frequency bands, 1.08-1.32GHz covering the GPS band and 1.7-3.7GHz covering the GSM 1800/1900, UTMS, Bluetooth, LTE, and WiMAX bands. In addition, the antenna has a good performance with efficiency and peak gain of 82% and 6.3dB respectively. These characteristics allow the antenna to be an attractive candidate for telecommunication systems. Design and analysis of different structures were carried out with Ansys HFSS.

Keywords:

DGS, CPW, fractal antenna array, wideband

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

K. Li, T. Dong, and Z. Xia, "Wideband Printed Wide-Slot Antenna with Fork-Shaped Stub," Electronics, vol. 8, no. 3, Mar. 2019, Art. no. 347, https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8030347.

M. M. Nahas and M. Nahas, "Bandwidth and Efficiency Enhancement of Rectangular Patch Antenna for SHF Applications," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 4962–4967, Dec. 2019, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3014.

M. S. Karoui, N. Ghariani, M. Lahiani, and H. Ghariani, "Bandwidth Enhancement of a Bell-shaped UWB Antenna for Indoor Localization Systems," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 6691–6695, Feb. 2021, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3975.

A. Birwal, S. Singh, B. K. Kanaujia, and S. Kumar, "Broadband CPW-fed circularly polarized antenna for IoT-based navigation system," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 835–843, Oct. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1759078719000461.

F. Faisal, Y. Amin, Y. Cho, and H. Yoo, "Compact and Flexible Novel Wideband Flower-Shaped CPW-Fed Antennas for High Data Wireless Applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 4184–4188, Jun. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2019.2911195.

M. A. Riheen, T. Nguyen, T. K. Saha, T. Karacolak, and and P. K. Sekhar, "CPW Fed Wideband Bowtie Slot Antenna on PET Substrate," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 101, pp. 147–158, 2020, https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERC20031402.

P. Sharma and P. P. Bhattacharya, "Design and Development of a New Wideband CPW Fed Patch Antenna for Wireless Communication," EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things, vol. 5, no. 17, Jan. 2019, Art. no. e4, https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.31-10-2018.162734.

M. Karthikeyan, R. Sitharthan, T. Ali, and B. Roy, "Compact multiband CPW fed monopole antenna with square ring and T-shaped strips," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 926–932, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1002/mop.32106.

F. B. Ghenaya, R. Ghayoula, and A. Gharsallah, "A Novel Linear Array Antenna Based on UWB Slot Antenna," American Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 290–298, 2016.

S. Patil, A. K. Pandey, and V. K. Pandey, "A Compact, Wideband, Dual Polarized CPW-Fed Asymmetric Slot Antenna for Wireless Systems," Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, vol. 19, pp. 343–355, Sep. 2020, https://doi.org/10.1590/2179-10742020v19i3827.

B. Jmai, S. Gahgouh, and A. Gharsallah, "A Novel Reconfigurable MMIC Antenna with RFMEMS Resonator for Radar Application at K and Ka Bands," International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 468–473, 2017.

Y. I. Abdulkarim et al., "Design of a Broadband Coplanar Waveguide-Fed Antenna Incorporating Organic Solar Cells with 100% Insolation for Ku Band Satellite Communication," Materials, vol. 13, no. 1, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 142, https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13010142.

S. Hu, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, and H. Zhou, "Design of a CPW-Fed Ultra Wide Band Antenna," Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 18–22, Sep. 2013, https://doi.org/10.4236/ojapr.2013.12005.

R. Kumar and S. Gaikwad, "On the design of nano-arm fractal antenna for UWB wireless applications," Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, vol. 12, pp. 158–171, Jun. 2013, https://doi.org/10.1590/S2179-10742013000100013.

M. Fallahpour and R. Zoughi, "Antenna Miniaturization Techniques: A Review of Topology- and Material-Based Methods," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 38–50, Feb. 2018, https://doi.org/10.1109/MAP.2017.2774138.

A. Bunde and S. Havlin, "Fractal Geometry, A Brief Introduction to," in Mathematics of Complexity and Dynamical Systems, New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2009, pp. 409–428.

M. Nurujjaman, A. Hossain, and D. P. Ahmed, "A Review of Fractals Properties: Mathematical Approach," Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 98–105, May 2017, https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjams.20170503.11.

A. Reha, A. El Amri, O. Benhmammouch, and A. Oulad Said, "Fractal Antennas : A Novel Miniaturization Technique for wireless Networks," Transactions on Networks and Communications, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 165–193, Oct. 2014, https://doi.org/10.14738/tnc.25.566.

R. Kubacki, M. Czyżewski, and D. Laskowski, "Minkowski Island and Crossbar Fractal Microstrip Antennas for Broadband Applications," Applied Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3, Mar. 2018, Art. no. 334, https://doi.org/10.3390/app8030334.

S. Nelaturi and N. V. S. N. Sarma, "Compact Wideband Microstrip Patch Antenna based on High Impedance Surface," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3149–3152, Aug. 2018, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1971.

A. Dastranj, F. Ranjbar, and and M. Bornapour, "A New Compact Circular Shape Fractal Antenna for Broadband Wireless Communication Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 93, pp. 19–28, 2019, https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERC19031001.

A. Arif, M. Zubair, M. Ali, M. U. Khan, and M. Q. Mehmood, "A Compact, Low-Profile Fractal Antenna for Wearable On-Body WBAN Applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 981–985, May 2019, https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2019.2906829.

M. Dadel, K. P. Tiwary, and S. Srivastava, "Log periodic triangular patch array antenna with gap coupled feed," in International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication, Noida, India, Mar. 2015, pp. 99–104, https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSPCom.2015.7150628.

Y. A. Rayisiwi and T. Hariyadi, "Design of A 1:12 Power Divider at 5 GHz for Ground Surveillance Radar Application," IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 384, Jul. 2018, Art. no. 012053, https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/384/1/012053.

R. N. Simons, Coplanar Waveguide Circuits, Components, and Systems. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 2001.

S. Tripathi, A. Mohan, and S. Yadav, "A Compact UWB Koch Fractal Antenna for UWB Antenna Array Applications," Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 1423–1442, Feb. 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-016-3613-1.

S. S. Kadam, N. S. Patil, P. B. Jadhav, and P. B. Kashid, "Formation of Fractal Antenna Array for Multiband Applications," International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3257–3263, Nov. 2019, https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.D8048.118419.

R. A. Pandhare, P. L. Zade, and M. P. Abegaonkar, "Miniaturized microstrip antenna array using defected ground structure with enhanced performance," Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1360–1367, Sep. 2016, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jestch.2016.03.007.

S. Palanisamy, B. Thangaraju, O. I. Khalaf, Y. Alotaibi, S. Alghamdi, and F. Alassery, "A Novel Approach of Design and Analysis of a Hexagonal Fractal Antenna Array (HFAA) for Next-Generation Wireless Communication," Energies, vol. 14, no. 19, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 6204, https://doi.org/10.3390/en14196204.

S. Nagaraju, B. V. Kadam, L. J. Gudino, S. M. Nagaraja, and N. Dave, "Performance analysis of rectangular, triangular and E-shaped microstrip patch antenna arrays for wireless sensor networks," in International Conference on Computer and Communication Technology, Allahabad, India, Sep. 2014, pp. 211–215, https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCT.2014.7001494.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
C. Ben Nsir, J. M. Ribero, C. Boussetta, and A. Gharsallah, “Design of a 1×2 CPW Fractal Antenna Array on Plexiglas Substrate with Defected Ground Plane for Telecommunication Applications”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 7897–7903, Dec. 2021.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 267
PDF Downloads: 201

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)