Integration of GIS and Hierarchical Multi-Criteria Analysis for Mapping Flood Vulnerability: The Case Study of M'sila, Algeria
Published online first on June 30, 2021.
This paper proposes the integration of GIS (Geographic Information System ) and HMA (Hierarchical Multi-criterion Analysis) offering a low-cost methodology to produce vulnerability maps. The quintessential role the rivers play in urban development has long been asserted and accepted. However, one of the subsequent consequences of these urban development activities is the increased frequency of floods. The case in point is the city of M’sila, Algeria. The subject city was settled along the banks of a river known as Oued El Ksob, which undoubtedly had a significant influence on its development. In the last 50 years, M’sila has experienced significant spatial growth, especially in its north and northwest sides. As such, the work presented in this article aims to assess the vulnerability of the city to the risks of flooding. The approach used is based on the combined use of the HMA method coupled with the GIS. The process allowed the graphical representation of the resulting analysis of complex data of the territory, i.e. the mapping of its vulnerability to flooding. The map has four vulnerability categories ranging from low to very strong. The proposed system serves as an essential decision-making tool for local government officials.
Keywords:flood risk, vulnerability, GIS, hierarchical multi-criteria analysis, M'sila city
T. L. Dammalage and N. T. Jayasinghe, "Land-Use Change and Its Impact on Urban Flooding: A Case Study on Colombo District Flood on May 2016," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 3887-3891, Apr. 2019, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2578. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2578
T. L. Dammalage and N. T. Jayasinghe, "Land-Use Change and Its Impact on Urban Flooding: A Case Study on Colombo District Flood on May 2016," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 3887-3891, Apr. 2019. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2578
P. Veyret, "Le Hodna (Algérie)," Revue de Géographie Alpine, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 411-413, 1954. https://doi.org/10.3406/rga.1954.1134
A. Ghosh and S. K. Kar, "Application of analytical hierarchy process (AHP) for flood risk assessment: a case study in Malda district of West Bengal, India," Natural Hazards, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 349-368, Oct. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-018-3392-y
F. Aibout, M. Chouieb, D. Baghadi, A. Benaradj, and S. Miloud, "Contribution des SIG à la gestion des risques naturels. Détermination des milieux vulnérables au risque inondation dans le nord-ouest algérien," Revue internationale de géomatique, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 431-450, Dec. 2014. https://doi.org/10.3166/rig.24.431-450
S. Das, "Geographic information system and AHP-based flood hazard zonation of Vaitarna basin, Maharashtra, India," Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 11, no. 19, Sep. 2018, Art. no. 576. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3933-4
E. S. Mokhtar, B. Pradhan, A. H. Ghazali, and H. Z. M. Shafri, "Assessing flood inundation mapping through estimated discharge using GIS and HEC-RAS model," Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 11, no. 21, p. 682, Nov. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-4040-2
Y. O. Ouma and R. Tateishi, "Urban Flood Vulnerability and Risk Mapping Using Integrated Multi-Parametric AHP and GIS: Methodological Overview and Case Study Assessment," Water, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1515-1545, Jun. 2014. https://doi.org/10.3390/w6061515
B. Roy, Méthodologie multicritère d'aide à la décision. Paris, France: Economica, 1985.
M. S. Tehrany, M.-J. Lee, B. Pradhan, M. N. Jebur, and S. Lee, "Flood susceptibility mapping using integrated bivariate and multivariate statistical models," Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 72, no. 10, pp. 4001-4015, Nov. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3289-3
A. C. Le Gall, "Panorama des méthodes d'analyse multicritère comme outils d'aide à la décision," ONEMA-INERIS, Paris, France, Study Report, 2009.
F. Joerin, "Méthodes multicritères d'aide à la décision et SIG pour la recherche d'un site.," Revue Internationale de Géomatique, vol. 5, no. 1, 1995, Art. no. 15.
T. L. Saaty, The Analytic Hierarchy Process. New York, NY, US: McGraw-Hill, 1980. https://doi.org/10.21236/ADA214804
T. L. Saaty, Método de Análise Hierárquica. Sao Paolo, Brazil: McGraw-Hill, 1991.
K. P. Yoon and C.-L. Hwang, Multiple Attribute Decision Making: An Introduction, 1st ed. Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: SAGE Publications, Inc, 1995.
K. Clarke, Getting Started with Geographic Information Systems, 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Pearson, 2010.
A. Liaghat, A. Adib, and H. R. Gafouri, "Evaluating the Effects of Dam Construction on the Morphological Changes of Downstream Meandering Rivers (Case Study: Karkheh River)," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1515-1522, Apr. 2017. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.969
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 169
PDF Downloads: 144
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.