The Effect of Sisal Juice Extract Admixture on Compressive and Flexural Strength of Cement Concrete
Received: 10 January 2021 | Revised: 18 March 2021 | Accepted: 27 March 2021 | Online: 11 April 2021
The characteristics of concrete are influenced by the ratio of water to cementitious materials (w/c) used in the mixture. An increase in paste quality will yield higher compressive and flexural strength, lower permeability, increased resistance to weathering, improve the bond between concrete and reinforcement, reduced volume change from drying and wetting, and reduced shrinkage cracking tendencies. Admixtures are used to improve the properties of concrete or mortar. The current study investigates the effect of Sisal Juice Extract (SJE) as an admixture on concrete durability. SJE contains unrefined minerals which can be used as organic retarders to increase the rate of strength development at an early age. A total of 84 concrete cubes were produced in 7 sets of 12 samples each. One set was the control mix which had zero SJE content. The remaining sets had varying dosages of SJ namely 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%. Twelve beam specimens were also cast and subjected to the three-point flexural test. To establish the effect on strength of concrete, compressive strength was tested at 7, 14, 28, and 56 days while flexural strength was tested at 28 days. The highest compressive strength was achieved at 5% dosage beyond which a decrease in strength occurred for all the higher dosages.
Keywords:sisal juice extract, compressive strength, flexural strength
M. Uysal and V. Akyuncu, "Durability performance of concrete incorporating Class F and Class C fly ashes," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 34, pp. 170-178, Sep. 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.02.075
N. Bheel, R. A. Abbasi, S. Sohu, S. A. Abbasi, A. W. Abro, and Z. H. Shaikh, "Effect of Tile Powder Used as a Cementitious Material on the Mechanical Properties of Concrete," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4596-4599, Oct. 2019. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2994
N. Bheel, K. A. Kalhoro, T. A. Memon, Z. U. Z. Lashari, M. A. Soomro, and U. A. Memon, "Use of Marble Powder and Tile Powder as Cementitious Materials in Concrete," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5448-5451, Apr. 2020. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3378
L. Zhang, L. J. J. Catalan, R. J. Balec, A. C. Larsen, H. H. Esmaeili, and S. D. Kinrade, "Effects of Saccharide Set Retarders on the Hydration of Ordinary Portland Cement and Pure Tricalcium Silicate," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 279-287, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03378.x
R. Ilangovana, N. Mahendrana, and K. Nagamanib, "Strength and durability properties of concrete containing quarry rock dust as fine aggregates," ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 20-26, 2008.
R. Nagalakshmi, "Experimental study on strength characteristics on M25 concrete with partial replacement of cement with fly ash and coarse aggregate with coconut shell," International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 4, no. 1, 2013.
K. S. Pann, T. Yen, C.-W. Tang, and T. D. Lin, "New Strength Model Based on Water-Cement Ratio and Capillary Porosity," Materials Journal, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 311-318, Jul. 2003. https://doi.org/10.14359/12669
A. M. Neville, Properties of Concrete, 5th ed. Harlow, UK; New York, NY, USA: Trans-Atlantic Publications, Inc., 2012.
Z. Li, Advanced Concrete Technology. New York, NY, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470950067
M. Jammal, J. Nurdiana, and A. M. Ghulam, "The effect of the combination additive admixtures to increase setting time and compressive strength at the concrete casting in warm tropical temperature," International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 61-72, 2020.
S. A. Chandio, B. A. Memon, M. Oad, F. A. Chandio, and M. U. Memon, "Effect of Fly Ash on the Compressive Strength of Green Concrete," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 5728-5731, Jun. 2020. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3499
S. B. Pathan and V. V. Singh, "Using Molasses in Concrete As A Time Retarding Admixture," International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 509-513, Nov. 2017. https://doi.org/10.17577/IJERTV6IS110189
R. Rixom and N. Mailvaganam, Chemical Admixtures for Concrete, 3rd ed. London, UK: E & FN SPON, 1999. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203017241
S. Vadivelan, K. Abirami, R. Agasthiya, D. Karthikayeni, and V. Meena, "Influence of Cactus Milk and Blood in Natural Soil Concrete For Improving Compressive Strength of Concrete," International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1-5, Apr. 2018.
T. K. Akchurin, A. V. Tukhareli, and T. F. Cherednichenko, "Effective Concrete Modified by Complex Additive Based on Waste Products of Construction Acrylic Paints," Procedia Engineering, vol. 150, pp. 1468-1473, Jan. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.083
T. Y. Erdoğan, Admixtures for concrete. Ankara, Turkey: Middle East Technical University Press, 1997.
B. Khan and B. Baradan, "The Effect of Sugar on setting-time of various types of cements," Quarterly Science Vision, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 71-78, 2002.
A. W. Otunyo, S. C. Onwusiri, and N. Nwaiwu, "Effect of Sugar Cane Juice on Slump Values, Setting Times and Strength of Concrete," Nigerian Journal of Technology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 254-258, Mar. 2015. https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v34i2.6
A. K. Parande, K. Stalin, R. K. Thangarajan, and M. S. Karthikeyan, "Utilization of Agroresidual Waste in Effective Blending in Portland Cement," ISRN Civil Engineering, vol. 2011, May 2011, Art. no. 701862. https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/701862
E. Mello, C. Ribellato, and E. Mohamedelhassan, "Improving Concrete Properties with Fibers Addition," International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 249-254, 2014.
N. Tripathi, C. D. Hills, R. S. Singh, and C. J. Atkinson, "Biomass waste utilisation in low-carbon products: harnessing a major potential resource," npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-10, Oct. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-019-0093-5
B. Suhendro, "Toward Green Concrete for Better Sustainable Environment," Procedia Engineering, vol. 95, pp. 305-320, Jan. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.190
M. A. Azad, S. Rahman, and R. Chowdhury, "Effect of Sugar on Setting Time of Cement and Compressive Strength of Concrete," in 2nd International Conference on Research and Innovation in Civil Engineering (ICRICE 2020), Chittagong, Bangladesh, Jan. 2020.
J. Chand and S. Dhyani, "Effect of sugar on the compressive strength of concrete," International Journal of Advanced Technology & Engineering Research, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 5-7, 2015.
T. R. Nikhil, H. S. Naveen Kumar, and T. P. Lakshmish, "Effect of sugar on Strength and Durability Characteristics of HVFAC Pavements," International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 288-291, Nov. 2019.
A. Baikerikar, "A Review on Green Concrete," Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 472-474, 2014.
Y. Chen and I. Odler, "On the origin of portland cement setting," Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1130-1140, Nov. 1992. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(92)90042-T
J. H. Wilder, "Gypsum: its Occurrence, Origin, Technology and Uses. Iowa Geological Survey Volume XXVIII Annual Reports 1917 and 1918.," Iowa Geological Survey Annual Report, vol. 28, pp. 47-245, Jan. 1918. https://doi.org/10.17077/2160-5270.1202
M. T. Lakhiar, S. Sohu, I. A. Bhatti, N. Bhatti, S. A. Abbasi, and M. Tarique, "Flexural Performance of Concrete Reinforced by Plastic Fibers," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 3041-3043, Jun. 2018. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2084
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 340
PDF Downloads: 250
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.