Experimental Investigation and Control of a Hybrid (PV-Wind) Energy Power System
Received: 25 November 2020 | Revised: 15 December 2020 | Accepted: 2 January 2021 | Online: 6 February 2021
Corresponding author: B. A. Mirjat
The most essential infrastructure of today’s modern civilization is the energy system. A new energy revolution is ongoing worldwide in understanding the affordability, reliability, and sustainability of energy supply. One of the major challenges and opportunities considered in this energy revolution is the integration of the energy system. The varying dynamics of renewable energy production and the environmental conditions between the different energy sources are the major reasons for this challenge. Wind and solar energies are considered the best renewable sources and the foremost substitute sources for power generation. These energies are playing a vital role as alternates of nuclear energy and fossil fuels. Electricity is generated through wind energy conversion systems and photovoltaic (PV) cells. These technologies are clean and environmentally friendlier than non-renewable energies. A hybrid PV-wind generation system is more effective and consistent than a single-source system because the solar system cannot work at night or in cloudy weather while the wind speed is variable. The current study proposes an experimental-based analysis. The hardware used is the Squirrel Cage Induction Generator (SCIG) and solar panels. A boost converter is added for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) at variable wind speed and available sunlight.
Keywords:WECS, PV cells, SCIG, MPPT
S. P. LakshmanRao, C. P. Kurian, B. K. Singh, and V. Athulya Jyothi, "Simulation and Control of DC/DC Converter for MPPT Based Hybrid PV/Wind Power System," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 801-809, Sep. 2014.
Y. S. Rao, A. J. Laxmi, and M. Kazeminehad, "Modeling and Control of Hybrid Photovoltaic Wind Energy Conversion System," International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 192-201, May 2012.
N. A. Ahmed, A. K. Al-Othman, and M. R. AlRashidi, "Development of an efficient utility interactive combined wind/photovoltaic/fuel cell power system with MPPT and DC bus voltage regulation," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 1096-1106, May 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2010.12.015
S. Mahesar et al., "Power Management of a Stand-Alone Hybrid (Wind/Solar/Battery) Energy System: An Experimental Investigation," International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, vol. 9, no. 6, Jan. 2018. https://doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2018.090631
M. Muralikrishna and V. Lakshminarayana, "Hybrid (solar and wind) energy systems for rural electrification," ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 50-58, Oct. 2008.
Y. Chen, Y. Liu, S. Hung, and C. Cheng, "Multi-Input Inverter for Grid-Connected Hybrid PV/Wind Power System," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 1070-1077, May 2007. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.897117
M. Hussain, M. H. Baloch, A. H. Memon, and N. K. Pathan, "Maximum Power Tracking System Based on Power Electronic Topology for Wind Energy Conversion System Applications," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3392-3397, Oct. 2018. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2251
B. M. Shagar, S. Vinod, and S. Lakshmi, "Design of DC - DC converter for hybrid wind solar energy system," in 2012 International Conference on Computing, Electronics and Electrical Technologies (ICCEET), Kumaracoil, India, Mar. 2012, pp. 429-435. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCEET.2012.6203805
M. H. Baloch, J. Wang, and G. S. Kaloi, "Stability and nonlinear controller analysis of wind energy conversion system with random wind speed," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 79, pp. 75-83, Jul. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2016.01.018
M. Pucci and M. Cirrincione, "Neural MPPT Control of Wind Generators With Induction Machines Without Speed Sensors," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 37-47, Jan. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2043043
R. Cárdenas, R. Peña, J. Clare, and P. Wheeler, "Analytical and Experimental Evaluation of a WECS Based on a Cage Induction Generator Fed by a Matrix Converter," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 204-215, Mar. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2010.2083666
A. Kadri, H. Marzougui, A. Aouiti, and F. Bacha, "Energy management and control strategy for a DFIG wind turbine/fuel cell hybrid system with super capacitor storage system," Energy, vol. 192, Feb. 2020, Art. no. 116518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116518
O. Erdinc, B. Vural, and M. Uzunoglu, "A wavelet-fuzzy logic based energy management strategy for a fuel cell/battery/ultra-capacitor hybrid vehicular power system," Journal of Power Sources, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 369-380, Oct. 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.04.072
T. R. Ayodele, A. S. O. Ogunjuyigbe, and B. E. Olateju, "Improving battery lifetime and reducing life cycle cost of a PV/battery system using supercapacitor for remote agricultural farm power application," Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan. 2018, Art. no. 013503. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4999780
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 402
PDF Downloads: 404
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.