New Approach in the Fault Tolerant Control of Three-Phase Inverter Fed Induction Motor
This article provides an improved fault-tolerant control scheme for inverter-powered induction motors. The proposed strategy addresses the cancellation of power switch failures (IGBTs) regardless of their location in a reconfigurable induction motor control. The proposed fault-tolerant topology requires only minimal hardware modifications of the conventional six-switch three-phase drive, mitigating IGBT failures through reconfiguration based on the substitution of an entire inverter arm. The detection mechanism is based on the tridimensional method from which a database will be used for the learning of the neural network. In this method, the current from the stator is used as input to the system, so access to the induction motor is not necessary.
Keywords:inverter, induction motor, artificial neural networks, diagnosis, fault tolerant control
R. Maamouri, M. Trabelsi, M. Boussak, and F. M'Sahli, "Fault Diagnosis and Fault Tolerant Control of a Three-Phase VSI Supplying Sensorless Speed Controlled Induction Motor Drive," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 46, no. 19-20, pp. 2159-2173, Dec. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15325008.2018.1534899
R. P. Vieira, C. C. Gastaldini, R. Z. Azzolin, and H. A. Gründling, "Sensorless Sliding-Mode Rotor Speed Observer of Induction Machines Based on Magnetizing Current Estimation," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 61, no. 9, pp. 4573-4582, Sep. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2013.2290759
M. Bermudez, I. Gonzalez-Prieto, F. Barrero, H. Guzman, M. J. Duran, and X. Kestelyn, "Open-Phase Fault-Tolerant Direct Torque Control Technique for Five-Phase Induction Motor Drives," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 902-911, Feb. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2016.2610941
H. Liu, K. Ma, C. Wang, and F. Blaabjerg, "Fault Diagnosis and Fault-tolerant Control of Modular Multi-level Converter High-voltage DC System: A Review," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 44, no. 16, pp. 1759-1785, Oct. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15325008.2016.1198439
H. Liu, P. C. Loh, and F. Blaabjerg, "Review of fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control for modular multilevel converter of HVDC," in IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Vienna, Austria, Nov. 2013, pp. 1242-1247. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699310
A. S. Abdel-Khalik, M. A. Elgenedy, S. Ahmed, and A. M. Massoud, "An Improved Fault-Tolerant Five-Phase Induction Machine Using a Combined Star/Pentagon Single Layer Stator Winding Connection," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 618-628, Jan. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2015.2426672
M. J. Duran and F. Barrero, "Recent Advances in the Design, Modeling, and Control of Multiphase Machines-Part II," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 459-468, Jan. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2015.2448211
U. Choi, F. Blaabjerg, and K. Lee, "Study and Handling Methods of Power IGBT Module Failures in Power Electronic Converter Systems," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 2517-2533, May 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2373390
J.-H. Song and K.-H. Kim, "Reliable Open-switch Fault Localization Scheme in Multiple Switches for Inverter-fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Drives," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 45, no. 18, pp. 1973-1984, Nov. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15325008.2017.1401685
W. Sun, J. Gao, X. Liu, Y. Yu, G. Wang, and D. Xu, "Inverter Nonlinear Error Compensation Using Feedback Gains and Self-Tuning Estimated Current Error in Adaptive Full-Order Observer," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 472-482, Jan. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2015.2480852
S. Chafei, F. Zidani, R. Nait-Said, and M. s Boucherit, "Fault Detection and Diagnosis on a PWM Inverter by Different Techniques," Journal of Electrical Systems, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 1-12, Jun. 2008.
B. D. E. Cherif, A. Bendiabdellah, M. Bendjebbar, and L. Souad, "A Comparative Study on Some Fault Diagnosis Techniques in Three-Phase Inverter Fed Induction Motors," Fault Detection and Diagnosis, Nov. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79960
Y. B. S. S. Gupta and S. S. Rao, "A modified inverter topology for fault-tolerant direct torque control induction motor drive," International Journal of Electronics, Apr. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00207217.2020.1756445
M. S. Khanniche and M. R. Mamat-ibrahim, "Fault Detection and Diagnosis of 3-Phase Inverter System," in Rev. Energ. Ren. : Power Engineering, 2001, pp. 69-75.
S. Cheng et al., "An open-circuit fault-diagnosis method for inverters based on phase current," Transportation Safety and Environment, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 148-160, Jun. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/tse/tdaa008
C. Shu, L. Wei, D. Rong-Jun, and C. Te-Fang, "Fault Diagnosis and Fault-Tolerant Control Scheme for Open-Circuit Faults in Three-Stepped Bridge Converters," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 2203-2214, Mar. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2558491
X. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Xu, J. He, and W. Zhao, "Diagnosis and Tolerance of Common Electrical Faults in T-Type Three-Level Inverters Fed Dual Three-Phase PMSM Drives," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 1753-1769, Feb. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2019.2920400
J. Andreu, I. Kortabarria, E. Ibarra, I. M. de Alegría, and E. Robles, "A new hardware solution for a fault tolerant matrix converter," in 2009 35th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics, Nov. 2009, pp. 4469-4474. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2009.5414858
E. Z. M. Salem, A. H. Z, A.-G. S. F, and M. M. Elkholy, "Open gate fault diagnosis and tolerant for voltage source inverter fed speed sensorless induction motor drive," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 107, no. 11, pp. 1754-1772, Nov. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00207217.2020.1756434
Xu, S., Wang, C., Lin, F. et al. Fault-Tolerant Control of ANPC Three-Level Inverter Based on Order-Reduction Optimal Control Strategy under Multi-Device Open-Circuit Fault. Sci Rep 7, 14447, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-15000-9
K. S. Belkhir, "Intelligent Maximum Power Tracking Control For a Wind Energy System Based on Magnetic Gear Generator," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 4329-4333, Aug. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2851
J. Chakravorty, S. Shah, and H. N. Nagraja, "ANN and ANFIS for Short Term Load Forecasting," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 2818-2820, Apr. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1968
B. Cai, Y. Zhao, H. Liu, and M. Xie, "A Data-Driven Fault Diagnosis Methodology in Three-Phase Inverters for PMSM Drive Systems," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 5590-5600, Jul. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2608842
S. Qiang and Y. Li, "Motor Inverter Fault Diagnosis Using Wavelets Neural Networks," in 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Manchester, UK, Oct. 2013, pp. 3168-3173. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2013.540
A. Rohan and S. H. Kim, "Fault Detection and Diagnosis System for a Three-Phase Inverter Using a DWT-Based Artificial Neural Network," International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 238-245, Dec. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5391/IJFIS.2016.16.4.238
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 513
PDF Downloads: 375
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.