Investigations of Response Time Parameters of a Pneumatic 3/2 Direct Acting Solenoid Valve Under Various Working Pressure Conditions

Authors

  • K. A. Venkataraman Anna University Regional Centre Coimbatore, India
  • K. Kanthavel Anna University Regional Centre Coimbatore, India
  • B. Nirmal Kumar Anna University Regional Centre Coimbatore, India
Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 502-505 | August 2013 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.360

Abstract

In pneumatic circuits, a solenoid valve is a key component for controlling and directing pneumatic energy. The solenoid valve functional performances are defined as response time parameters with respect to its actuations in terms of direction changing time. This paper aims to present response time parameters of solenoid valves under various working pressures. An experimental setup is employed in order to measure response time with reference to the input signals. The response time plays significant role for evaluating the valve performance in sensitive applications. The response time parameters includes the on delay, the off delay, the on time, the off time, the cycle time and the switching frequency. In this experimental investigation the influence of various input pressure conditions is recorded and tabulated. Valves with varying orifice diameter are employed and the investigation reveals the influence of orifice diameter in response time variations. The newly-proposed six response time parameters can be used to rate and select the appropriate valve for various industrial applications.

Keywords:

pneumatic 3/2 solenoid valve, response time, switching frequency

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

B. W. Anderson, The analysis and design of pneumatic systems, John Wiley & sons, 1967

S. R. Goldstein, H. H. Richardson, “A differential pulse-length modulated pneumatic servo utilizing floating-flapper-disc switching valves”, Journal of Basic Engineering, Vol. 90, No. 2, pp. 143-151, 1968 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3605072

T. Noritsugu, “Development of PWM mode electro-pneumatic servo-mechanism, Part I: Speed control of a pneumatic cylinder”, Journal of Fluid Control. Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 65-80, 1986

T. Noritsugu, “Development of PWM mode electro-pneumatic servo-mechanism, Part II: Position control of a pneumatic cylinder”, Journal of Fluid Control, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 7-28, 1987

C. Kunt, R. Singh, “A linear time varying model for on-off valve controlled pneumatic actuators”, Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 112, No. 4, pp. 740-747, 1990 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2896203

N. Ye, S. Scavarda, M. Betemps, A. Jutard, “Models of a pneumatic PWM solenoid valve for engineering applications”, Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 114, No. 4, pp. 680-688, 1992 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2897741

Y. Suematsu, H. Yamada, T. Tsukamoto, T. Muto, “Digital control of electrohydraulic servo system operated by differential pulse width modulation”, JSME International Journal, Series C, Dynamics, Control, Robotics, Design and Manufacturing Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 61-68, 1993 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1299/jsmec1993.36.61

M. Sorli, S. Pastorelli, “Performance of a pneumatic force controlling servosystem: Influence of valves conductance”, Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 283-300, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8890(99)00093-7

G. Belforte, S. Mauro, G. Mattiazzo, “A method for increasing the dynamic performance of pneumatic servosystems with digital valves”, Mechatronics, Vol. 14, No. 10, pp. 1105-1120, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2004.06.006

K. Ahn, S. Yokota, “Intelligent switching control of pneumatic actuators using on/off solenoid valves”, Mechatronics. Vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 683-702, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2005.01.001

E. E. Topcu, I. Yuksel, Z. Kamis, “Development of electro-pneumatic fast switching valve and investigation of its characteristics”, Mechatronics, Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 365-378, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2006.01.005

P. Chen, X. Yu, L. Liu, “Simulation and experimental study of electro-pneumatic valve used in air-powered engine”, Journal of Zhejiang University Sicence A, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 377-383. 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A0820373

Q. Ye, J. Chen, “Dynamic analysis of a pilot-operated two-stage solenoid valve used in pneumatic system”, Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 794-816, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simpat.2009.01.005

Q. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Yang, J. Chen, H. Guan, “Experimental analysis of new high-speed powerful digital solenoid valves”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 52, No. 5, pp. 2309-2313, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2010.12.032

M. Taghizadeh, A. Ghaffari, F. Najafi, “Modeling and identification of a solenoid valve for PWM control application”, Comptes Rendus Mécanique. Vol. 337, No. 3, pp. 131-140, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crme.2009.03.009

E. Gallasch, M. Fend, D. Rafolt, R. Nardone, A. Kunz, M. Kronbichler, R. Beisteiner, S. Golaszewski, “Cuff-type pneumatic stimulator for studying somatosensory evoked responses with fMRI”, NeuroImage, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 1067-1073, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.01.014

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
K. A. Venkataraman, K. Kanthavel, and B. Nirmal Kumar, “Investigations of Response Time Parameters of a Pneumatic 3/2 Direct Acting Solenoid Valve Under Various Working Pressure Conditions”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 502–505, Aug. 2013.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 940
PDF Downloads: 324

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share