Road Safety in Kenya: A Case Study of Nairobi Southern Bypass (UCA-2) Road
The fundamental objective of transportation is to ensure that people and goods are safely and effectively moved from one place to another. Analyzing the design consistency is one of the ways in which the road’s safety can be maintained or enhanced. In order to obtain a balance in highway design, all the geometric components should, along with being economical functional, be designed to provide safety at speeds likely to occur under ordinary conditions. Distinguishing and treating any geometric inconsistency on an expressway can altogether enhance its safety outcome.
Keywords:geometric consistency, accidents, road safety
P. Deshpamde, “Road safety and accident prevention in India: A Review”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 64-68, 2014
M. Touahmia, “Identification of risk factors influencing road traffic accidents”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 2417-2421, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1615
C. G. Manyara, “Combating road accidents in Kenya. A challemge for an emerging economy”, in: Kenya After 50: Reconfiguring Education, Gender and Policy, Springer, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137574633_7
B. Obwocha, “Why bypasses have pushed up road accident toll”, Nairobi News, March 20, 2020
W. Odero, M. Khayesa, P. Heda, “Road traffic injuries in Kenya, magnitude causes and status”, Injury Control and Safety Promotion, Vol. 10, No. 1-2, pp. 53-61, 2003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1076/icsp.10.1.53.14103
C. Castro, Human factors of visual and cognitive performance in driving, Taylor & Francis, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420055337
S. Rajalin, H. Summala, “What surviving drivers learn from a fatal accident”, Accident Annalysis and Prevention, Vol 29, No. 3, pp. 277-283, 1997 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(96)00081-4
L. K. Muchene, “Road accidents in Kenya, A case of poor network or human error”, 59th ISI World Statistics Congress, Hong Kong, China, August 25-30, 2013
I. D. Glenn, “Determining sample size”, University of Florida, available at: https://www.tarleton.edu/academicassessment/documents/Samplesize.pdf ,1992
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, 2019 Kenya population and housing census, Volume 1, Population by county and sub-county, KNBS, 2019
Ministry of Affairs, Accidental deaths and suicides, Government of India, 2008
L. Harms-Ringdahl, Guide to safety analysis for accident prevention, IRS Riskhantering AB, 2013
S. Ansari, F. Akhdar, M. Mandoorah, K. Moutaery, “Causes and effects of road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia”, Public Health, Vol. 114, No. 1, pp. 37-39, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0033-3506(00)00306-1
C. W. Ndung’u, R. M. Bonface, L. K. Mwai, “Analysis of causes & response strategies of road traffic accidents in Kenya”, Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 58-77, 2015
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Tri-level study of the causes of traffic accidents, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1979
M. Z. Hasanpour, M. R. Ahadi, A. S. Moghadam, G. A. Behzadi, “Variable speed limits: Strategies to improve safety and traffic parameters for a bottleneck”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 1535-1539, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.831
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 648
PDF Downloads: 353
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.