Photonic Jet Suitable for High Precision Contact Laser Surgery Applications in Water
The use of contact probes in surgical laser technologies (SLT) allows tissue contact without damage and enables tactile feedback during operations. Among the materials suitable for the manufacturing of chirurgical contact probes, sapphire has been widely used. Indeed, the optical properties of this material allow the formation of a high energy density localized region at the front of the contact probe, when used in air. However, in water, this focusing effect is very weak. In this work, the use of a cylindrical sapphire contact probe associated with a continuous (CW) Nd: Yag laser (at 1064nm) is proposed and studied, which provides, in water, a narrow and high-intensity beam (photonic jet). With the evolution of technology, this kind of surgery can be done remotely. Based on 5G technology, medical experts can bring their skills to remote other practitioners around the world. The obtained results show a linear dependence of the focal length and a linear dependence of the beam intensity of the photonic jet to the cylinder radius while the full width at half maximum of the photonic jet beam shows exponential decay dependence. Such a system could give rise to a new kind of optical scalpel to the ultra-precise laser surgery in water.
Keywords:photonic jet, sapphire, scalpel, surgery
Z. Chen, A. Taflove, V. Backman, “Photonic nanojet enhancement of backscattering of light by nanoparticles: A potential novel visible-light ultramicroscopy technique”, Optics Express, Vol. 12, No. 7, pp. 1214–1220, 2004
C Zaichun, Z Hengyu, H Minghui, “Ultra-long photonic jet by hemispherical micro-particles”, in: Laser Science, Optical Society of America, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/FIO.2015.JTu4A.61
H. Mohseni, “Photonic jet and its applications in nano-photonics”, in: Frontiers in Optics, Optical Society of America, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/FIO.2015.FM3B.4
E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, “Near-field optics: Microscopy, spectroscopy, and surface modification beyond the diffraction limit”, Science, Vol. 257, No. 5067, pp. 189-195, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.257.5067.189
W. Guo, Z. B. Wang, L. Li, D. J. Whitehead, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, Z. Liu, “Near-field laser parallel nanofabrication of arbitrary-shaped patterns”, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, pp. 24–26, 20007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2748035
X. Li, Z. Chen, A. Taflove, V. Backman, “Optical analysis of nanoparticles via enhanced backscattering facilitated by 3-D photonic nanojets”, Optics Express, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 526–533, 2005
H. Yang, M. Cornaglia, M. A. M. Gijs, “Photonic nanojet array for fast detection of single nanoparticles in a flow”, Nano Letters, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 1730–1735, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/nl5044067
M. K. Azizi, H. Baudrand, T. Elbellili, A. Gharsallah, “Almost periodic lumped elements structure modeling using iterative method: Application to photonic jets and planar lenses”, Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 55, pp. 121-132, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERM16121906
M. S. Kim, T. Scharf, S. Muhlig, C. Rockstuhl, H. P. Herzig, “Engineering photonic nanojets”, Optics Express, Vol. 19, No. 11, pp. 10206–10220, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.010206
Z. Wang W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk'yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, M. Hong, “Optical virtual imaging at 50 nm lateral resolution with a white-light nanoscope”, Nature Communications, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-6, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1211
V. R. Dantham, P. B. Bisht, C. K. R. Namboodiri, “Enhancement of Raman scattering by two orders of magnitude using photonic nanojet of a microsphere”, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, No. 10, Article ID 103103, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3590156
S. C. Kong, A. Sahakian, A. Taflove, V. Backman, “Photonic nanojet-enabled optical data storage”, Optics Express, Vol. 16, No. 18, pp. 13713–13719, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.013713
A. Heifetz, S. C. Kong, A. V. Sahakian, A. Taflove, V. Backman, “Photonic nanojets”, Journal of Computational and Theoritical Nanoscience, Vol. 6, No. 9, pp. 1979–1992, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2009.1254
Z. Chen, A. Taflove, V. Backman, “Photonic nanojet enhancement of backscattering of light by nanoparticles: A potential novel visible-light ultramicroscopy technique”, Optics Express, No. 12, No. 7, pp. 1214-1220, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.001214
X. Li, Z. Chen, A. Taflove, V. Backman, “Optical analysis of nanoparticles via enhanced backscattering facilitated by 3-D photonic nanojets”, Optics Express, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 526-533, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.000526
S. Lecler, Y. Takakura, P. Meyrueis, “Properties of a 3D photonic jet”, Optics Letters, Vol. 30, No. 19, pp. 2641-2643, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.30.002641
A. V. Itagi, W. A. Challener, “Optics of photonic nanojets”, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 22, No. 12, pp. 2847-2858, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.22.002847
N. Ammar, T. Aguili, H. Baudrand, B. Sauviac, B. Ounnas, “Wave concept iterative process method for electromagnetic or photonic jets: Numerical and experimental results”, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 63, No. 11, pp. 4857-4867, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2015.2486800
T. Lu, W. Zhang, F. Chen, Z. Liu, “Microliquid jet induced by tunable holmium laser: A potential microsurgery scalpel”, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Vol. 20, No. 1, Article ID 10, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10404-015-1692-z
M. C. Chiang, C. C. Huang, “Optically-guided scalpel with light-scattering module for carpal tunnel surgical procedure via minimally invasive surgery”, Bio-medical Materials and Engineering, Vol. 26, No. S1, pp. S173–S179, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/BME-151303
S. M. A. Ghaly, M. O. Khan, “Design, simulation, modeling, and implementation of a square helmholtz coil in contrast with a circular coil for MRI applications”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol 9, No. 6, pp. 4990-4995, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3171
M. Amine Ksiksi, M. Karim Azizi, H. Ajlani, A. Gharsallah, ‘Frequency reconfigurable square patch antenna based on graphene for telecommunication systems”, Engineering Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 4846-4850, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3061
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 472
PDF Downloads: 301
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.