EPLAODV: Energy Priority and Link Aware Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol for Post-disaster Communication Networks


  • M. A. Soomro Department of Computer Systems Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • M. I. Channa Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • Z. Hussain Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • M. Ahmed Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
Volume: 10 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 5148-5152 | February 2020 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3223


In Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) the major issue between nodes for data transfer is link quality. The majority of the MANET routing protocols try to maintain the link quality between nodes but still need improvement. This paper focuses on link quality between nodes in an ad hoc network in emergency scenarios through the design of the Energy Priority and Link Aware Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector (EPLAODV) routing protocol. EPLAODV improves the link quality between nodes through SNR. For performance analysis, the NS2.35 network simulator was used. Simulation time and traffic load were the major simulation parameters. From the simulation results, it is observed that EPLAODV performs better than AODV.


mobility, SNR, EPLAODV, link-quality, lifetime


Download data is not yet available.


W. Li, B. Jia, Q. Li, J. Wang, “An energy efficient and lifetime aware routing protocol in ad hoc networks”, International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, Guangzhou, China, November 15-17, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05054-2_30

V. B. Kute, M. U. Kharat, “Analysis of quality of service for the AOMDV routing protocol”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 359-362, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.105

I. Alameri, “MANETS and Internet of Things: the development of a data routing algorithm”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 2604-2608, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1810

C. Perkins, E. M. Belding-Royer, S. Das, “Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing”, available at: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3561, 2003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17487/rfc3561

F. Maan, N. Mazhar, “MANET routing protocols vs mobility models: A performance evaluation”, 2011 Third International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks, Dalian, China, June 15-17, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUFN.2011.5949158

A. K. Gupta, H. Sadawarti, A. K. Verma, “Performance analysis of AODV, DSR & TORA routing protocols”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 226-231, 2010

M. Kaur, M. K. Sharma, “Energy efficient routing protocol for MANET”, in: Ambient communications and computer systems, pp. 201-212, Springer, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7386-1_18

N. Nissar, N. Naja, A. Jamali, “A review and a new approach to reduce routing overhead in MANETs”, Wireless Networks, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 1119-1139, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-014-0835-6

S. Jamali, L. Rezaei, S. J. Gudakahriz, “An energy-efficient routing protocol for MANETs: a particle swarm optimization approach”, Journal of Applied Research and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 803-812, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1665-6423(13)71586-4

C. Mafirabadza, T. T. T. Makausi, P. Khatri, “Efficient power aware AODV routing protocol in MANET”, International Conference on Advances in Information Communication Technology & Computing, Bikaner, India, August 12-13, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315364094-58

S. Hamad, H. Noureddine, H. Al-Raweshidy, “LSEA: link stability and energy aware for efficient routing in mobile ad hoc network”, 14th International Symposium on Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications, Brest, France, October 3-7, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/2069131.2069169

R. Aruna, R. Subramanian, P. Sengottuvelan, J. Shanthini, “Optimized energy efficient route assigning method using related node discovery algorithm in MANET”, Cluster Computing, Vol. 22,Sup. 1, pp. 469-479, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10586-018-2520-5

S. Sharma, P. Y. K. L. Srinivas, R. C. Balabantaray, “Text normalization of code mix and sentiment analysis”, 2015 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics, Kochi, India, August 10-13, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICACCI.2015.7275819

H. El Fadaly, R. Ramadan, I. Talkhan, “Residual energy considerations for AODV enhancement”, 5th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, Langkawi, Malaysia, January 27-29, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMS.2014.110

N. Ket, S. Hippargi, “Modified AODV energy aware routing for optimized performance in mobile ad-hoc networks”, International Conference on Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking, Chennai, India, March 23-25, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/WiSPNET.2016.7566293

J. Deepa, J. Sutha, “A new energy based power aware routing method for MANETs”, in: Cluster Computing, Springer, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10586-018-1868-x

V. Balaji, V. Duraisamy, “Improved AODV based on link quality metrics”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 269-275, 2012

R. Kumar, M. Gupta, “Route stability and energy aware based AODV in MANET”, International Conference on High Performance Computing and Applications, Bhubaneswar, India, December 22-24, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICHPCA.2014.7045318

T. Issariyakul, E. Hossain, Introduction to network simulator 2 (NS2), Springer, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71760-9


How to Cite

M. A. Soomro, M. I. Channa, Z. Hussain, and M. Ahmed, “EPLAODV: Energy Priority and Link Aware Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol for Post-disaster Communication Networks”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 5148–5152, Feb. 2020.


Abstract Views: 579
PDF Downloads: 361

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>