Application of FVSI, Lmn and CPF Techniques for Proper Positioning of FACTS Devices and SCIG Wind Turbine Integrated to a Distributed Network for Voltage Stability Enhancement
Induction power generators are the most popular wind energy conversion systems (WECS) because they do not require synchronization units. However, they usually draw a huge quantity of reactive power during disturbances. Hence, incorporating wind power into power networks may cause voltage instability. This paper presents the usage of STATCOM and SSSC FACTS devices for voltage stability enhancement of a distribution network with a squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG) wind power turbine. The continuation power flow (CPF) approach is utilized as a tool to determine the most suitable position of SCIG in the system. Also, voltage stability indices (FVSI and Lmn) are employed to estimate the stability margin of the system by figuring the weakest transmission lines and buses in order to locate the appropriate position where the FACTS devices should be installed. A comparison of the suitability of the FACTS devices to restore system stability was evaluated under 3-phase fault conditions. The results illustrated that STATCOM behaves better than SSSC when the system is restoring from a fault. Simulations and voltage stability assessment were carried out on the IEEE 14 bus test scheme using the PSAT simulation software package.
Z. H. A. Tameemi, K. M. Abuwaleda, H. M. Almukhtar, M. K. Abbas, “Voltage stability enhancement based on DG units”, Electrical Engineering, Vol. 100, No. 4, pp. 2707–2716, 2018
J. B. V. C. Subrahmanyam, P. A. Bandana, K. Bhanupriya, C. Shashidhar, “Renewable energy systems: Development and perspectives of a hybrid solar-wind system”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 177–181, 2012
M. Benchagra, M. Hilal, Y. Errami, M. Ouassaid, M. Maaroufi, “Modeling and control of SCIG based variable-speed with power factor control”, International Review on Modelling and Simulations, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 1007–1014, 2011
D. Devaraj, R. Jeevajyothi, “Impact of Fixed and Variable Speed Wind Turbine Systems on Power System Voltage Stability Enhancement”, IET Conference on Renewable Power Generation, Edinburgh, UK, September 6-8, 2011
H. Li, Z. Chen, L. Han, “Comparison and Evaluation of Induction Generator Models in Wind Turbine Systems for Transient Stability of Power System”, International Conference on Power System Technology, Chongqing, China, October 22-26, 2006
P. Kundur, Power System Stability and Control, McGraw Hill, 1994
A. Rashad, S. Kamel, F. Jurado, “Stability improvement of power systems connected with developed wind farms using SSSC controller”, Ain Shams Engineering Journal, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 2767–2779, 2018
I. N. Muisyo, K. K. Kaberere, “Utilization of FACTS Devices in Power Systems : A Review”, Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, May 2-4, 2018
O. L. Bekri, M. K. Fellah, “Optimal placement of wind farms for enhancing voltage stability using CPF analysis”, Deuxieme Conference Internationale sur l’Electrotechnique, l’Electronique, l’Automatique et la Maintenance, November 24-25, 2015
A. S. Telang, P. P. Bedekar, “Application of voltage stability indices for proper placement of STATCOM under load increase scenario”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 7, pp. 998–1003, 2016
I. I. Ali, M. N. Mohsen, “Enhancement voltage stability of the iraqi power grid using shunt FACTs devices”, Engineering and Technology Journal, Vol. 34, No. 13, pp. 2527–2550, 2016
S. Kumar, A. Kumar, N. K. Sharma, “A novel method to investigate voltage stability of IEEE-14 bus wind integrated system using PSAT”, Frontiers in Energy, pp. 1–9, 2016
S. Ahsan, A. S. Siddiqui, “Dynamic compensation of real and reactive power in wind farms using STATCOM”, Perspectives in Science, Vol. 8, pp. 519–521, 2016
K. Bhumkittipich, C. J. Ngurn, “Study of voltage stability for 22kv power system connected with lamtakhong wind power plant, Thailand”, Energy Procedia, Vol. 34, pp. 951–963, 2013
A. Oukennou, A. Sandali, “Assessment and Analysis of Voltage Stability Indices in Electrical Network Using PSAT Software”, Eighteenth International Middle East Power Systems Conference, Cairo, Egypt, December 27-29, 2016
R. Jadeja, S Patel, S. K. Chauhan, “STATCOM–A preface to power quality in power systems performance”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 895–905, 2016
K. R. Padiyar, Facts Controllers in Power Transmission and Distribution, New Age International Publishers, 2007 (in India)
P. Anusri, K. C. S. Thampatty, “Mathematical modeling of the squirrel cage induction generator based wind farm for sub-synchronous resonance analysis”, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 38, pp. 1–7, 2016
F. Milano, “An open source power system analysis toolbox”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 1199–1206, 2005
M. Moghavvemi, F. M. Omar, “Technique for contingency monitoring and voltage collapse prediction, IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 145, No. 6, pp. 634-640, 1998
MetricsAbstract Views: 318
PDF Downloads: 94
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.