Influence Of Casting Temperature On The Structural Behavior Of Concrete
Concrete is the most preferred construction and building material and its demand is not expected to diminish in the near future. The properties of concrete are affected by various factors, one of them is the temperature at casting. This experimental work was carried out in order to study the effect of high temperature on workability, and compressive and flexural tensile strength of concrete. It was found that higher temperatures caused water content evaporation from the mix during casting, causing reduction in workability, but simultaneously increased the strength compared to concrete cast at controlled temperatures).
Keywords:structural behavior, temperature, compressive strength, flexural strength, casting temperature
A. A. Jhatial, S. Sohu, N. K. Bhatti, M. T. Lakhiar, R. Oad, “Effect of steel fibres on the compressive and flexural strength of concrete”, International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 10, pp. 16-21, 2018
A. A. Jhatial, W. I. Goh, K. H. Mo, S. Sohu, I. A.Bhatti, “Green and sustainable concrete–the potential utilization of rice husk ash and egg shells”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 74-81, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-2019-03091226
I. A. Memon, A. A. Jhatial, S. Sohu, M. T. Lakhiar, Z. Hussain, “Influence of fibre length on the behaviour of polypropylene fibre reinforced cement concrete”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 9, pp. 2124-2131, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091144
M. S. Islam, M. S. Ali, R. Parvin, “Mechanical properties of concrete made by fine aggregate obtained from dismantled concrete”, World Journal of Science and Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 71-88, 2018
A. M. Neville, Properties of Concrete, Wiley, 1996
Climate-Data.org, Khairpur Climate: Average Temperature, Weather by Month, Khairpur Weather Averages, available at: https://en.climate-data.org/asia/pakistan/sindh/khairpur-1228/, accessed at May 10, 2019
J. Ortiz, A. Aguado, L. Agullo, T. Garcia, “Influence of environmental temperatures on the concrete compressive strength: Simulation of hot and cold weather conditions”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 35, No. 10, pp. 1970-1979, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2005.01.004
P. Klieger, “Effect of Mixing and Curing Temperature on Concrete Strength”, ACI 53rd Annual Convention, Dallas, USA, February 27, 1958
K. A. Soudki, E. F. E. Salakawy, N. B. Elkum, “Full factorial optimization of concrete mix design for hot climates”, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 427-433, 2001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2001)13:6(427)
B. Chen, C. Li, L Chen, “Experimental study of mechanical properties of normal-strength concrete exposed to high temperatures at an early age”, Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 44, pp. 997-1002, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.06.007
Y. Wu, B. Wu, “Residual compressive strength and freeze-thaw resistance of ordinary concrete after high temperature”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 54, pp. 596-604, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.12.089
M. Husem, “The effects of high temperature on compressive and flexural strengths of ordinary and high-performance concrete”, Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 41, pp. 155-163, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2005.12.002
F. Sajedi, “Effect of curing regime and temperature on the compressive strength of cement-slag mortars”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 36, pp. 549-556, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.06.036
A. S. A. Ghatani, “Effect of curing methods on the properties of plain and blended cement concretes”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 308-314, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.08.036
N. A. Memon, F. R. Abro, U. Memon, S. R. Sumadi, “Effect of curing conditions and super plasticizer on compressive strength of concrete exposed to high ambient temperature of Nawabshah, Pakistan”, International Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 7, pp. 462-464, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17950/ijer/v3s7/712
G. Yaun, Q. Li, “The use of surface coating in enhancing the mechanical properties and durability of concrete exposed to elevated temperature”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 95, pp. 375-383, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.07.120
British Standard Institution, EN 12390-2 (2009): Testing Fresh Concrete. Slump-Test, British Standard Institution, 2009
British Standard Institution, EN 12390-3 (2009): Testing Hardened Concrete. Compressive Strength of Test Specimens, British Standard Institution, 2009
British Standard Institution, EN 12390-5 (2009): Testing Hardened Concrete. Flexural Strength of Test Specimens, British Standard Institution, 2009
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 343
PDF Downloads: 233
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.