Use of Rice Husk Ash as Cementitious Material in Concrete

Authors

  • N. Bheel Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • A. W. Abro Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • I. A. Shar Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • A .A. Dayo Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • S. Shaikh Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • Z. H. Shaikh Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan

Abstract

In this research, rice husk ash (RHA) was used as a partial substitute for cement in concrete to reduce its cost, and alternative processing methods using agricultural/industrial waste were found. The main objective of this study was to determine the fresh (flowability) and hardened (splitting tensile strength and compressive strength) concrete properties using RHA at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% by weight. A total of 90 concrete samples (45 cubes and 45 cylinders) were prepared and cured on 7, 14, and 28 days to the design of target strength 28N/mm2, and ultimately, these concrete specimens were tested on UTM. Three concrete specimens were cast for each proportion and ultimately the average of the three concrete samples was taken as the final result. The flowability of fresh concrete decreases with increasing content of RHA in concrete. The results showed that the compressive and tensile strength of the concrete specimens increased by 11.8% and 7.31%, respectively by using 10% RHA at 28 days curing.

Keywords:

rice husk ash, cement replacement material, improved strength, reduced construction cost, utilizing disposal waste

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. Manimaran, M. Somasundaram, P. T. Ravichandran, “Experimental study on partial replacement of coarse aggregate by bamboo and fine aggregate by quarry dust in concrete”, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 8, pp. 1019-1027, 2017

M. K. Nemati, “Chapter 5: Aggregates for Concrete”, in: Concrete Technology-Fiber Reinforced Concrete Final Report, University of Washington, 2013

P. A. Shirule, A. Rahman, R. D. Gupta, “Partial Replacement of Cement With Marble Dust Powder”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Studies, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 175–177, 2012

J. Alex, J. Dhanalakshmi, B. Ambedkar, “Experimental investigation on rice husk ash as cement replacement on concrete production”, Construction and Build Materials, Vol. 127, pp. 353–362, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.09.150

E. Aprianti, P. Shafgh, S. Bahri, J. Nodeh, “Supplementary cementitious materials origin from agricultural wastes—a review”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 74, pp. 176–187, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.10.010

R. Khan, A. Jabbar, I. Ahmad, W. Khan, A. N. Khan, J. Mirza, “Reduction in environmental problems using rice-husk ash in concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 30, pp. 360–365, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.11.028

O. A. U. Uche, M. Adamu, M. A. Bahuddeen, “Influence of Millet Husk Ash on The Properties of Plain Concrete”, Epistemics in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 68–73, 2012

N. Bheel, S. L. Meghwar, S. Sohu, A. R. Khoso, A. Kumar, Z. H. Shaikh, “Experimental Study on Recycled Concrete Aggregates with Rice Husk Ash as Partial Cement Replacement”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 10, pp. 2476-3055, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091160

J. P. Broomfield, Corrosion of Steel in Concrete, Understanding, Investigation, and Repair, E & FN SPON, 2006

P. Schiessl, Corrosion of Steel in Concrete, Report of the Technical Committee, 60-CSC Rilem, Chapman and Hall, 1998

H. Muga, K. Betz, J. Walker, C. Pranger, A. Vidor, Development of Appropriate and Sustainable Construction Materials, Sustainable Futures Institute, Michigan Technological University, 2005

R. R. Hussain, T. Ishida, “Critical Carbonation Depth for Initiation of Steel Corrosion in Fully Carbonated Concrete and Development of Electrochemical Carbonation Induced Corrosion Model”, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, Vol. 4, pp. 1178-1195, 2009

N. Kad, M. Vinod, “Review research paper on influence of rice husk ash on the properties of concrete”, International Journal of Research, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 873–877, 2015

M. Anwar, T. Miyagawa, M. Gaweesh, “Using rice husk ash as a cement replacement material in concrete”, International Conference on the Science and Engineering of Recycling for Environmental Protection, Harrogate, UK, May 31–June 2, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0713-2743(00)80077-X

S. D. Nagrale, H. Hemant, R. M. Pankaj, “Utilization of rice husk ash”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 1–5, 2012

I. B. Ologunagba, A. S. Daramola, A. O. Aliu, “Feasibility of using Rice Husk Ash as Partial Replacement for Concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, Vol. 30, No. 5, pp. 267–269, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V30P250

A. N. Givi, S. A. Rashid,F. N. A. Aziz, M. A. M. Salleh, “Contribution of Rice Husk Ash to the Properties of Mortar and Concrete: A Review”, Journal of American Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp: 157–165, 2010

H. B. Mahmud, N. Anjang, A. Hamid, K. Y. Chin, “Production of high strength concrete incorporating an agricultural waste—rice husk ash”, 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cairo, Egypt, November 2-4, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICBEE.2010.5649093

H. Thanh, K. Siewert, H. M. Ludwig, “Alkali-silica reaction in mortar formulated from self-compacting high-performance concrete containing rice husk ash”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 88, pp. 10–19, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.04.005

R. G. Smith, G. A. Kamwanja, “The use of rice husk for making a cementitious material”, Joint Symposium on the Use of Vegetable Plants and their Fibers as Building Material, Baghdad, Iraq,1986

M. H. Zhang, R. Lastra, V. M. Malhotra, “Rice husk ash paste and concrete: some aspects of hydration and the microstructure of the interfacial zone between the aggregate and paste”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 6, No. 26, pp. 963–977, 1996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(96)00061-0

N. P. Hasparyk, P. J. M. Monteiro, H. Carasek, “Effect of silica fume and rice husk ash on alkali-silica reaction”, Aci Structural Journal, Vol. 4, No. 97, pp. 486–492, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14359/7416

K. Sakr, “Effects of silica fume and rice husk ash on the properties of heavy weight concrete”, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 367–376, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2006)18:3(367)

V. Sata, C. Jaturapitakkul, K. Kiattikomol, “Influence of pozzolan from various by-product materials on mechanical properties of high-strength concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21, No. 7, pp. 1589–1598, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.09.011

M. M. Tashima, C. A. R. Da Silva, J. L. Akasaki, M. B. Barbosa, “The possibility of adding the rice husk ash (RHA) to the concrete”, in: Proceedings of the IRILEM Conference on the Use of Recycled Materials in Building and Structures, pp. 778–786, RILEM, 2004

S. K. Antiohos, J. G. Tapali, M. Zervaki, J. Sousa-Coutinho, S. Tsimas, V. G. Papadakis, “Low embodied energy cement containing untreated Rha: a strength development and durability study”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 49, pp. 455–463, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.08.046

L. Prasittisopin, D. Trejo, “Hydration and phase formation of blended cementitious systems incorporating chemically transformed rice husk ash”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 59, pp. 100–106, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2015.03.002

M. F. M. Zain, M. N. Islam, F. Mahmud, M. A. Jamil, “Production of rice husk ash for use in concrete as a supplementary cementitious material”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 798–805, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.07.003

R. Bie, X. Song, Q. Liu, X. Ji, P. Chen, “Studies on effects of burning conditions and rice husk ash (RHA) blending amount on the mechanical behavior of cement”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 55, pp. 162–168, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2014.09.008

N. D. Bheel, S. L. Meghwar, S. A. Abbasi, L. C. Marwari, J. A. Mugeri, R. A. Abbasi, “Effect of rice husk ash and water-cement ratio on strength of concrete”, International Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 10, pp. 2373-2382, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091166

P. K. Mehta, D. Pirtz, “Use of rice husk ash to reduce the temperature in high strength mass concrete”, International Concrete Abstracts Portal, Vol. 75, No. 2, pp. 60–63, 1978 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14359/10477

M. Akhter, “Experimental Study on Effect of Wood Ash on Strength of Concrete”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 7, pp. 1252–1254, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21884/IJMTER.2017.4218.5O5GF

V. M. Malhotra, P. K. Mehta, Pozzolanic and Cementitious Materials, Taylor & Francis, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781482296761

A. M. Nevile, J. J. Brooks, Concrete Technology, Longman Scientific and Technical, 1990

S. Rukzon, P. Chindaprasirt, R. Mahachai, “Effect of grinding on chemical and physical properties of rice husk ash”, International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 242-247, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1674-4799(09)60041-8

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
N. Bheel, A. W. Abro, I. A. Shar, A. .A. Dayo, S. Shaikh, and Z. H. Shaikh, “Use of Rice Husk Ash as Cementitious Material in Concrete”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 4209–4212, Jun. 2019.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 1643
PDF Downloads: 428

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)