Swarm Optimization-Based Modified Selective Harmonic Elimination PWM Technique Application in Symmetrical H-Bridge Type Multilevel Inverters

Authors

  • Y. Gopal Department of Electrical Engineering, Rajasthan Technical University, India
  • K. P. Panda Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Meghalaya, India
  • D. Birla Department of Electrical Engineering, Rajasthan Technical University, India
  • M. Lalwani Department of Electrical Engineering, Rajasthan Technical University, India
Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 3836-3845 | February 2019 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2397

Abstract

The problem of elimination of harmonics and the need of a large number of switches in multilevel inverters (MLIs) have been a hot topic of research over the last decades. In this paper, a new variant swarm optimization (SO) based selective harmonic elimination (SHE) technique is described to minimize harmonics in MLIs, which is a complex optimization problem involving non-linear transcendental equation. Optimum switching angles are calculated by the proposed algorithms considering minimum total harmonic distortion (THD) and the best results are taken for controlling the operation of MLIs. The performance of the proposed algorithm is compared with the genetic algorithm (GA). Conventional MLIs have some disadvantages such as the requirement of a large number of circuit components, complex control, and voltage balancing problems. A novel seven-level reduced switch multilevel inverter (RS MLI) is proposed in this paper to recoup the need of a large number of switches. Matlab/Simulink software is used for the simulation of two symmetrical topologies, i.e., a seven-level cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter (CHB MLI) and a seven-level (RS MLI). Simulation results are validated by developing a prototype of both MLIs. The enhancement of the output voltage waveform confirms the effectiveness of the proposed SO SHE approach.

Keywords:

swarm optimization, selective harmonic elimination, multilevel inverter, cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter, genetic algorithm, reduced switch multilevel inverter, selected harmonic elimination, total harmonic distortion, modulation index

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. Etesami, N. Ghasemi, D. M. Vilathgamuwa, W. L Malan, “Particle swarm optimisation-based modified SHE method for cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverters”, IET Power Electronics, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 18-28, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2015.0864

A. Chitra, S. Himavathi, “Reduced switch multilevel inverter for performance enhancement of induction motor drive with intelligent rotor resistance estimator”, IET Power Electronics, Vol. 8, No. 12, pp. 2444-2453, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2014.0648

E. Babaei, S. H. Hosseini, G. B. Gharehpetian, H. T. Haque, M. Sabahi, “Reduction of dc voltage source and switches in asymmetrical multilevel converters using a novel topology”, Electric Power System Research, Vol. 77, No. 8, pp. 1073-1085, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2006.09.012

M. B. Latran, A. Teke, “Investigation of multilevel multifunctional grid connected inverter topologies and control strategies used in photovoltaic systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 42, pp. 361-376, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.10.030

Y. Gopal, D. Birla, M. lalwani, “Selected Harmonic Elimination for Cascaded Multilevel Inverter Based on Photovoltaic with Fuzzy Logic Control Maximum Power Point Tracking Technique”, Technologies, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 1-17, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies6030062

F. L Lou, H. Ye, “Advanced DC/AC inverters: applications in renewable Energy”, IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 68-69, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MIE.2013.2289564

A. Sharma, A. Bardalai, “Technique to Determine the Optimized Harmonic Switching Angles of a Cascaded Multilevel Inverter for Minimum Harmonic Distortion”, IETE Journal of Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 285-293, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03772063.2015.1105114

H. Abu-Rub, J. Holtz, J. Rodriguez, G. Baoming, “Medium-voltage multilevel converters-state of the art, challenges, and requirements in industrial applications”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 8, pp. 2581-2596, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2043039

K. Shen, D. Zhao, J. Mei, L. M. Tolbert, J. Wang, M. Ban, Y. Ji, X. Cai, “Elimination of harmonics in a modular multilevel converter using particle swarm optimization-based staircase modulation strategy”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 61, No. 10, pp. 5311-5322, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2013.2297301

J. Rodriguez, S. Bernet, P. K. Steimer, I. E lizama, “A Survey on Neutral-Point-Clamped Inverters”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 7, pp. 2219-2230, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2032430

R. Agrawal, S. Jain, “Comparison of Reduced Part Count Multilevel Inverters (RPC-MLIs) for Grid Interfacing”, IETE Journal of Research, Vol. 59, No. 2, pp. 769-778, 2017

R. Teodorescu, F. Blaabjerg, J. K Pedersen, E. Cengelci, P. N Enjeti, “Multilevel inverter by cascading industrial VSI”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 832-838, 2002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2002.801069

M. Malinowski, K. Gopakumar, J. Rodriguez, M. A Perez, “A survey on cascaded multilevel inverters”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 7, pp. 2197-2206, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2030767

M. Rotella, G. Penailillo, J. Pereda, J. Dixon, “PWM method to eliminate power sources in a non redundant 27-level inverter for machine drive applications”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 194-201, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2008.927233

N. V. Nho, M. J. Youn, “Comprehensive study on space-vector-PWM and carrier-based-PWM correlation in multilevel invertors”, IEE Proceedings - Electric Power Applications, Vol. 153, No. 1, pp. 149-158, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/ip-epa:20050046

J. Chiasson, L. M. Tolbert, “A unified approach to solving the harmonic elimination equations in multilevel converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 478-490, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2003.823198

K. P Panda, B. P Sahu, D. Samal, Y. Gopal, “Switching angle estimation using GA toolbox for simulation of cascaded multilevel inverter”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 73, No. 21, pp. 21-26, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5120/13018-0073

J. Sun, H. Grotstollen, “Solving nonlinear equations for selective harmonic eliminated PWM using predicted initial values”, 1992 International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control, Instrumentation, and Automation, San Diego, USA, November 13, 1992

J. N. Chiasson, L. M. Tolbert, K. J. McKenzie, Z. Du, “Elimination of harmonics in a multilevel converter using the theory of symmetric polynomials and resultants”, 42nd IEEE International Conference on Decision and Control, Maui, USA, December 9-12, 2003

D. Zhong, L. M. Tolbert, J. N Chiasson, B. Ozpineci, “Active harmonic elimination for multilevel converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 459-469, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2005.869757

M. A. Memon, S. Mekhilef, M. Mubin, M. Aamir, “Selective harmonic elimination in inverters using bio-inspired intelligent algorithms for renewable energy conversion applications: A review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 82, pp. 2235-2253, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.08.068

H. Taghizadeh, M. T. Hagh, “Harmonic elimination of cascade multilevel inverters with nonequal dc sources using particle swarm optimization”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 11, pp. 3678-3684, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2041736

A. N. Kumle, S. H. Fathi, F. Jabbarvaziri, M. Jamshidi, S. S. H. Yazdi, “Application of memetic algorithm for selective harmonic elimination in multi-level inverters’, IET Power Electronics, Vol. 8, No. 9, pp. 1733-1739, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2014.0209

A. Kavousi, B. Vahidi, R. Salehi, M. K. Bakhshizadeh, N. Farokhnia, S. H. Fathi, “Application of the bee algorithm for selective harmonic elimination strategy in multilevel inverters”, IEEE Transations on Power Electronics, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 1689-1696, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2166124

N. Farokhnia, S. H. Fathi, N. Yousefpoor, M. K Bakhshizadeh, “Minimisation of total harmonic distortion in a cascaded multilevel inverter by regulating voltages of dc sources”, IET Power Electronics, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 106-114, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2011.0092

A. Moeini, H. Iman-Eini, M. Bakhshizadeh, “Selective harmonic mitigation-pulse-width modulation technique with variable DC-link voltages in single and three-phase cascaded H-bridge inverters”, IET Power Electronics, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 924-932, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2013.0315

M. Najjar, A. Moeini, M. K. Bakhshizadeh, F. Blaabjerg, S. Farhangi, “Optimal selective harmonic mitigation technique on variable DC link cascaded H-bridge converter to meet power quality standards”, IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 1107-1116, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JESTPE.2016.2555995

F. Filho, L. M. Tolbert, Y. Cao, B. Ozpineci, “Real-time selective harmonic minimization for multilevel inverters connected to solar panels using artificial neural network angle generation”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 47, No. 5, pp. 2117-2124, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2011.2161533

S. S. Lee, B. Chu, N. R. N. Idris, H. H. Goh, Y. E. Heng, “Switched-battery boost-multilevel inverter with GA optimized SHEPWM for standalone application”, IEEE Transations on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 63, No. 4, pp. 2133-2142, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2015.2506626

B. Ozpineci, L. M. Tolbert, J. N. Chiasson, “Harmonic optimization of multilevel converters using genetic algorithms’, IEEE Power Electronics Letters, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 92-95, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LPEL.2005.856713

A. I. Selvakumar, K. Thanushkodi, “A new particle swarm optimization solution to nonconvex economic dispatch problems”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 42-51, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2006.889132

K. P. Panda, S. K. Mohapatra, “Anti-predatory PSO technique-based solutions for selected harmonic elimination in cascaded multilevel inverters”, International Journal of Industrial Electronics and Drives, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 78-88, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJIED.2016.081579

H. Vahedi, K. Al-Haddad, Y. Ounejjar, K. Addoweesh, “Crossover Switches Cell (CSC): A new multilevel inverter topology with maximum voltage levels and minimum DC sources”, 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Vienna, Austria, November 10-13, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699111

M. R. Banaei, H. Khounjahan, E. Salary, “Single-source cascaded transformers multilevel inverter with reduced number of switches”, IET Power Electronics, Vol. 5, No. 9, pp. 1748-1753, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2011.0431

H. Vahedi, P. A. Labbe, K. Al-Haddad, “Sensor-less five-level packed U-cell (PUC5) inverter operating in stand-alone and grid-connected modes”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 361-370, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2016.2578183

H. Vahedi, K. Al-Haddad, “Real-time implementation of a packed U-cell seven-level inverter with low switching frequency voltage regulator”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 31, No. 8, pp. 5967–5973, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2490221

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
Y. Gopal, K. P. Panda, D. Birla, and M. Lalwani, “Swarm Optimization-Based Modified Selective Harmonic Elimination PWM Technique Application in Symmetrical H-Bridge Type Multilevel Inverters”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3836–3845, Feb. 2019.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 3615
PDF Downloads: 386

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)