Preliminary Survey on the Crucial Root Causes of Material Waste Generation in Malaysian Construction Industry


  • S. Nagapan Department of Civil Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
  • S. Kaliannan Department of Civil Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
  • A. H. Abdullah Department of Civil Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
  • S. Sohu Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University College of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • R. Deraman Department of Civil Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
  • M. F. Hasmori Department of Civil Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
  • N. H. Abas Department of Civil Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
Volume: 8 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 3580-3584 | December 2018 |


Construction waste generation has been perceived as a crucial issue that has critical consequences on the project effectiveness and ecological effect of the construction industry. The key objective of the current research is to identify the root causes of material construction waste generation in Malaysia. A well-structured questionnaire was designed based on the 52 identified root causes of material waste generation. The developed questionnaire was distributed to 35 highly experienced in Malaysian construction industry experts. The collected data was analyzed by the use of mean score analysis. The top identified root causes are poor supervision during the construction stage, lack of efficient site management, last minute changes, cutting uneconomical sizes of materials, and constant design changes during the construction period. The initial findings will aid construction practitioners to focus on these root causes in order to reduce the material construction waste generation at construction sites.


preliminary survey, material waste, root causes, environment, Malaysia


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How to Cite

S. Nagapan, “Preliminary Survey on the Crucial Root Causes of Material Waste Generation in Malaysian Construction Industry”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 3580–3584, Dec. 2018.


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