Study of Physicochemical Properties of Commercial Drinking Bottled Water Brands
Drinking water quality is being affected by industrial effluents, pesticides and fertilizers, poor sanitation services and unhygienic practices. Thus, upper and middle-class people used to prefer bottled water for drinking instead of tap water. Increasing demand for bottled water leads to the presence of low quality branded waters in the market due to the high demand and improper quality checks. In this regard, this study is carried out to assess the physicochemical properties of various branded bottled waters. For that, ten different water brand samples, coded from S1 to S10, were collected from Safoora Goth, Karachi. Various physicochemical quality parameters of branded water samples were analyzed according to the set procedures of American Society for Testing and Materials. It was discovered that the pH levels of S9 and S8 bottled water brands were slightly less than World Health Organization guideline values. The physical and chemical quality parameters of S1, S2, S4, S5, S7, and S10 branded bottled water samples were found within standards.
Keywords:drinking water, bottled water, physicochemical properties, contamination
A. Khatoon, Z. A. Pirzada, “Bacteriological quality of bottled water brands in Karachi, Pakistan”, Biologia (Pakistan), Vol. 56, No. 1-2, pp. 137-143, 2010
O. Oyedeji, P. O. Olutiola, M. A. Moninuola, “Microbiological quality of packaged drinking water brands marketed in Ibadan metropolis and Ile-Ife city in South Western Nigeria”, African Journal of Microbiology Research, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 96-102, 2010
Z. Peh, A. Sorsa, J. Halamic, “Composition and variation of major and trace elements in Croatian bottled waters”, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 107, No. 3, pp. 227-237, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2010.02.002
E. O. Oyelude, S. Ahenkorah, “Quality of sachet water and bottled water in Bolgatanga municipality of Ghana”, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 9, pp. 1094-1098, 2012
R. Cidu, F. Frau, P. Tore, “Drinking water quality: Comparing inorganic components in bottled water and Italian tap water”, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 184-193, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2010.08.005
S. N. Majid, Z. H. G. Ahmad, Z. K. Muhammad, “A study of some physicochemical parameters of plastic bottled drinking water from different sources (manufactured brands) in Kurdistan Region-Iraq”, International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 129-133, 2015
M. Diduch, Z. Polkowska, J. Namiesnik, “Factors affecting the quality of bottled water”, Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 111-119, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2012.101
E. I. Brima, “Physicochemical properties and the concentration of anions, major and trace elements in groundwater, treated drinking water and bottled drinking water in Najran area, KSA”, Applied Water Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 401-410, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0255-x
J. J. Toma, N. S. Hanna, B. A. Mohammed, “Effect of storage condition on some bottled water quality in Erbil city, Kurdistan region-Iraq”, International Journal of Software and Web Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 33-43, 2013
L. W. Mays, Water Resources Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 2010
W.H.O., Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2004
M. T. Samadi, A. R. Rahmani, M. Sedehi, N. Sonboli, “Evaluation of chemical quality in 17 brands of Iranian bottled drinking waters”, Journal of Research in Health Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 25-31, 2009
F. Perveen, U. Asghar, T. H. Usmani, “Evaluation of Water Quality of Different Colleges of Karachi City”, Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 458-462, 2007
S. T. Betelhem, Development Impacts of Poor Accessibility of Potable Water Supply and Basic Sanitation in Rural Ethiopia: A case study of Soddo District, MSc Thesis, University of Agder, 2011
S. D. Raj, “Bottled water: how safe is it?”, Water Environment Research, Vol. 77, No. 7, pp. 3013-3018, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143005X73893
I. Z. Mihayo, S. L. Mkoma, “Chemical Water Quality of Bottled drinking water brands marketed in Mwanza city, Tanzania”, Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp. 21-26, 2012
N. Rosemann, Drinking Water Crisis in Pakistan and the Issue of Bottled Water: The Case of Nestlé’s ‘Pure Life, Actionaid Pakistan, 2005
S. R. Samo, A. R. Jatoi, F. H. Mangi, A. N. Laghari, K. C. Mukwana, “Design of a slow sand bed filtration system for purification of canal water”, Quaid-e-Awam University Research Journal of Engineering, Science & Technology, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 14-18, 2015
K. H. Lashari, A. L. Korai, G. A. Sahato, T. G. Kazi, “Limnological studies of Keenjhar lake, district, Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan”, Pakistan Journal of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 10, No. 1-2, pp. 39-47, 2009
M. F. Alam, N. C. Dafader, S. Sultana, N. Rahman, T. Taheri, “Physico-Chemical Analysis of the Bottled Drinking Water available in the Dhaka City of Bangladesh”, Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 2076-2083, 2017
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 848
PDF Downloads: 326 Original Turnitin Report Downloads: 0
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.