Effect of River Indus Sand on Concrete Tensile Strength
In the development of Pakistan construction industry, the utilization of River Indus sand in concrete as fine aggregate has expanded tremendously. The aim of this research is to study the effect of Indus River sand on the tensile strength of various grades of concrete when it is utilized as fine aggregate. Concrete Samples of M15, M20 and M25 grade concrete were cured for 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. Based on the results, it is found that concrete became less workable when Indus river sand was utilized. It is recorded that tensile strength of concrete is decreased from 5% up to 20% in comparison with hill sand. The results were derived from various concrete grades.
Keywords:tensile strength, workability, river Indus sand, hill sand
E. Aprianti S., “A huge number of artificial waste material can be supplementary cementitious material (SCM) for concrete production – a review part II”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 142, No. 4, pp. 4178-4194, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.12.115
Z. Li, Advanced Concrete Technology, John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470950067
A. M. Neville, Properties of concrete, Prentice Hall, 2011
J. P. McLaughlin, K. B. Woods, R. C. Mielenz, N. C. Rockwood, “Distribution, production, and engineering characteristics of aggregates, section 16”, in: Highway Engineering Handbook, McGraw-Hill, 1960
C. S. Poon, Z. H. Shui, L. Lam, H. Fok, S. C. Kou, “Influence of Moisture States of Natural and Recycled Aggregates on the Slump and Compressive Strength of Concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 31-36, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00186-8
A. Omoregie, O. E. Alutu, “The Influence of Fine Aggregate Combinations on Particle Size Distribution, Grading Parameter, and Compressive Strength of Sandcrete Blocks”, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 10, pp. 1271-1278, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/l06-059
A. D. Raval, A. Pamnani, A. I. Kachwala, “Foundry sand: utilization as a partial replacement of fine aggregate for establishing sustainable concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 308-311, 2015
D. R, Bhimani, J. Pitroda, J. J. Bhavsar, “Used foundry sand: opportunities for development of ecofriendly low cost concrete”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 63-66, 2013
D. Chaurasiya, K. Koli, S. Chaudhari, V. More, P. C. Satpute, “Utilization of foundry sand: An Art to replace fine sand with Foundry Sand”, International Journal on Theoretical and Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 44-48, 2016
K. P. Salokhe, D. B. Desai, “Application of Foundry sand in manufacture of concrete”, Second International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering (SICETE), Jaysingpur, India, pp. 43-48, 2015
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 742
PDF Downloads: 341
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.