Biodiesel Production Potential from Native Tehran Oil Crops Using GIS
One of the main factors in the alternative fuel economy is the primary raw materials. Importing raw materials and preparation conditions for cultivation of non-native species require high expenditure. Therefore, using native species can greatly reduce production costs. Therefore in this paper, this is for the first time a comprehensive study indigenous oil plant of Tehran province and their suitable growth conditions is presented. Then three species non-edible rapeseed, cotton and barley were selected due to their feasibility of producing biodiesel. The purpose of this study is therefore to propel relevant policies in the country towards greater use of domestic raw materials and known potentials. Therefore, the potential for biodiesel production from plant sources, in this region was studied using GIS software. The present paper describes the zoning map and identifies the potential map of producing biodiesel from indigenous plant sources in Tehran province. According to the map, concentration of biodiesel production is in the central and western cities of province. This map shows that 116806.8665 hectare of land with the greatest potential to produce biodiesel. Also the potential of biodiesel production from introduced species, considering the yield per hectare and their oil content, was calculated. The results show that the potential of biodiesel production for the three species of rapeseed, cotton and barley are respectively 98117.77, 58403.43, 83516.91 tons in Tehran province. Non-edible rapeseed with the highest production potential has been introduced as a superior indigenous species for the future investments in biodiesel production in Tehran province.
Keywords:biodiesel, indigenous oil plants, GIS, biodiesel production potential
D. Y. C. Leung, X. Wu, M. K. H. Leung, “A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesterification”, Applied Energy, Volume 87, No. 4, pp. 1083- 1095, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.10.006
E. J. Gauglitz Jr, L. W. Lehman, “The preparation of alkyl esters from highly unsaturated triglycerides”, Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 197–198, 1963 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02632581
Proceedings of the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels, North Dakota, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1982
F. Maa, M. A. Hannab, “Biodiesel production. A review”, Bioresource Technology, Vol. 70, No. 1, pp. 1-15, 1999 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00025-5
M. Mittelbach, M. Worgetter, J. Pernkopf, H. Junek, “Diesel fuel derived from vegetable-oils: preparation and use of rape oil methyl-ester”, Energy in Agriculture, Vol.2, No. 4, pp 369 -384, 1983 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-5826(83)90031-1
Β. Ghobadian, TMU Research and Development Strategic Plan on Biomass and Bioenergy. Internal Report Prepared for Bioenergy Research Laboratory, Tarbiat Modares University, 2001
Η. Yousefi, Υ. Noorollahi, S. Ehara, R. Itoi, A. Yousefi, Y. Fujimitsu, J. Nishijima, K. Sasaki, “Developing the geothermal resources map of Iran”, Geothermics, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 140-151, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geothermics.2009.11.001
H. Yousefi, S. Ehara, Y. Nurollahi, “Geothermal potential site selection using GIS in Iran”, 32nd Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, pp. 174-182, 2007
Y. Nurollahi, M. A. Ashraf, M Zamani, “Wind Power Potential Evaluation of Bakhtar Regionl using geographical information system (GIS)”, Iran Energy Journal, Vol.14, No. 1, pp. 1- 21, 2011
L. Khodapanah, W. N. A. Sulaiman, N. Khodapanah, N. “Groundwater Quality Assessment for Different Purposes in Eshtehard District, Tehran, Iran”, European Journal of Scientific Research, No.4, pp. 543-553, 2009
L. Khodapanah, H. Jahanbin, M. Sabzevari, Annual Report of Groundwater Resources Exploitation, Deputy for Water Resources Study and Research, Tehran Regional Water Authority, 2005
H. Myghany Mashhadi, Research on the use of rapeseed oil methyl ester as a fuel in a compression ignition engine with low round, PhD Thesis, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, 2006
D. K. Agarwal, P. Singh, M. Chakrabarty, A. J. Shaikh, S. G. Gayal, Cotton seed Oil Quality, Utilization and Processing, Central Institute for Cotton Research, Technical Bulletin No. 25, 2003
N. T. Dunford, “Germ Oils from Different Sources”, in: Bailey’s Industrial Oil and Fat Products, Wiley, Vol. 6, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/047167849X.bio045
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 475
PDF Downloads: 238
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.