An Investigation of the Effect of Different Nanofluids in a Solar Collector
In this article, we examine the use of different nanofluids in a solar collector in a parabolic form. Temperature, thermal efficiency and outlet average temperature for a conventional parabolic collector and a collector with nanofluid are compared. The effect of various parameters (concentration ratio, volume fraction of nanoparticles, absorption and fluid velocity) are studied. Results are discussed and it is shown that nano fluid increases the efficiency of the collector.
Keywords:nanofluid, water, solar collector, thermal efficiency, Numerical Analysis
A. W. Badar, R. Buchholz, F. Ziegler, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the overall heat loss coefficient of vacuum tubes of a solar collector”, Solar Energy, Vol. 85, pp.1447–1456, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2011.04.001
I. Budihardjo, G. L. Morrison, M. Behnia, “Natural circulation flow through water in glass evacuated tube solar collectors”, Solar Energy, Vol. 81, pp. 1460–1472, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2007.03.002
F. Jorge, O. Armando, “Numerical simulation of a trapezoidal cavity receiver for a linear Fresnel solar collector concentrator”, Journal of Renewable Energy, Vol. 36, pp. 90–96, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2010.06.003
K. Sopian, M. Syahri, S. Abdullah, M. Y. Othman, B. Yatim, “Performance of a non-metallic unglazed solar water heater with integrated storage system”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 29, pp.1421–1430, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2004.01.002
R. S. R. Gorla, “Finite element analysis of a flat plate solar collector”, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, Vol. 24, pp. 283-290, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-874X(96)00067-4
M. Selmi, M. J. Al-Khawaja, A. Marafia, “Validation of CFD simulation for flat plate solar energy collector”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 33, pp. 383-387, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.02.003
A. Kahrobaian, H. Malekmohammadi “Exergy Optimization Applied to Linear Parabolic Solar Collectors”, Journal of Faculty of Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 131-144, 2008
T. P. Otanicar, P. E. Phelan, R. S. Prasher, G. Rosengarten, R. A. Taylor, “Nanofluid-based direct absorption solar collector”, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 2, No. 3, p. 033102, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3429737
T. Yousefi, F. Veysi, E. Shojaeizadeh, S. Zinadini, “An experimental investigation on the effect of pH variation of MWCNT–H2O nanofluid on the efficiency of a flat-plate solar collector”, Solar Energy, Vol. 86, No. 2, pp. 771-779, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2011.12.003
M. F. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, Academic Press, 2003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012503163-9/50023-0
A. Kasaeian, A. Mohmmadkarim, A. Kaabinejadian, “Performance investigation of solar evacuated tube collector using TRNSYS in Tehran”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 497-503, 2014
F. P. Incropera, D. P. De Witt, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, Wiley and Sons, New York, 2007
H. Tyagi, P. Phelan, R. Prasher, “Predicted efficiency of a Low-temperature Nanofluid-based direct absorption solar collector”, ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 4, pp. 0410041- 0410047, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3197562
S. K. Das, S. U. Choi, W. Yu, T. Pradeep, Nanofluids: Science and Technology, Wiley and Sons, New York, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470180693
Z. Li, C. Chen, H. Luo, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, “All-glass vacuum tube collector heat transfer model used in forced-circulation solar water heating system”, Solar Energy, Vol. 84, pp. 1413-1421, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.05.001
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 582
PDF Downloads: 285
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.