Environmental Risk Assessment and Management in Oil Platform Construction Phase Activities: A Case Study
The construction phase is one of the very risky stages engaged in oilfields, which usually involves minor to severe human, financial, and environmental damages. It includes a major part of lost working times, and in recent years, along with the development of oilfields and oil platform construction activities in Iran, hazardous risks and events have occurred and have been recorded. Therefore, this study aims to reduce the negative effects of the risks engaged in oil platform construction activities in the region under study, i.e. the Abuzar oilfield. The indexing system method, along with determining the importance index, effect, and frequency of occurrence, was used in this study to evaluate the environmental risks of oil platform construction activities in Abuzar oilfield. First, the project activities were identified and then, the effect of desired activities on environmental aspects (water, air, soil, human, waste production, and noise) was investigated. For quantitative estimation of risk values through interviewing the experts and using the tables of intensity, effect, and frequency of event occurrence, were calculated based on the formula governing the effect of different activities on the environment, and the risk value was determined. The research findings indicated that most of the environmental risks are in the range of average risks (72.9%) however 20.2% are in the range of low risks and 6.9% are in the range of high risks. Finally, considering experts’ viewpoints, management solutions were proposed to reduce the risk of activities, and the risk priority numbers were calculated after performing the corrective actions.
K. Smith, Environmental hazards: assessing risk and reducing disaster. Routledge, 2013
L. I. V. Bergh, S. Hinna, S. Leka, A. Jain, “Developing a performance indicator for psychosocial risk in the oil and gas industry”, Safety Science, Vol. 62, No. 2, pp. 98-106, 2014
S. A. Mirjalili, Fundamentals and principles of risk assessment and management in the environment, Andishmandan-e-Yazd Publications, 2009
M. Jabari-Gharebagh, Risk assessment and evaluation in the transportation pipelines of oil, gas, and petrochemical products, Tehran University, Tehran, 2008
A. Ambituuni, J. Amezaga, E. Emeseh, “Analysis of safety and environmental regulations for downstream petroleum industry operations in Nigeria: Problems and prospects”, Environmental Development, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 43-60, 2014
H. Hosseini, T. Dana, R. Arjmandi, I. Shirianpour, Safety risk management and occupational health in the construction phase of oil platforms and presenting management strategies for improvement (case study: construction phase of Reshadat oilfield), Tehran Publication, 2012
I. Christel, G. Certain, A. Cama, D. R. Vieites, X. Ferrer, “Seabird aggregative patterns: A new tool for offshore wind energy risk assessment”, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 66, No. 1, pp. 84-91, 2013
R. A. Ronconi, K. A. Allard, P. D. Taylor, “Bird interactions with offshore oil and gas platforms: review of impacts and monitoring techniques”, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 147, No. 2, pp. 34-45, 2015
J. E. Skogdalen, J. E. Vinnem, “Quantitative risk analysis of oil and gas drilling, using Deep-water Horizon as case study”, Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Vol. 100, No. 2, pp. 58-66, 2012
F. Miraj, M. S. Fatemi, M. Valinezhad, Proposing an applied model for risk assessment in oil and gas pipelines, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, 2009
W. Xingfeng, “Review on Comprehensive Evaluation & Optimization of Petroleum Engineering Program [J]”, Petroleum Planning & Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 1-4, 2009
D. M. Canu, C. Solidoro, V. Bandelj, G. Quattrocchi, R. Sorgente, A. Olita, A. Cucco, “ Assessment of oil slick hazard and risk at vulnerable coastal sites”, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 94, No. 1, pp. 84-95, 2015
A. H. Hu, C. W. Hsu, T. C. Kuo, W. C. Wu, “Risk evaluation of green components to hazardous substance using FMEA and FAHP”, Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 7142-7147, 2009
B. Razavi-Dezfooli, A. A. Oskoobi, M. Semnani-Rahbar, Identifying and evaluating the environmental aspects and consequences of oil platforms using FMEA method (case study: Forouzan oil platforms), Tehran Publication, 2012
S. A. Jozi, M. Irankhah, Environmental risk evaluation of oil pipelines using AHP method, Journal of Ecology, Tehran University, 2009
S. E. Seyedneme, F. Karimi-Organi, Safety risk assessment and health of oil and gas companies, 1st Scientific Congress on Development of Agricultural Sciences, Tehran University, 2015
S. Rezaeian, M. Irankhahi, S. A. Jozi, “Presenting and environmental risk assessment pattern for gas transmission projects using indexing and AHP methods”, Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 16, No. 62, pp. 11-23, 2014
S. A. Jozi, N. Goloji, I. Mohammadfam, “Environmental risk assessment and evaluation in Aria-Rasoul Polymer Company, Polyethylene Unit, using EFMEA method”, Natural Resources Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 147-159, 2011
E. Audsley, M. Brander, J. C. Chatterton, D. Murphy-Bokern, C. Webster, A. G. Williams, How low can we go? An assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from the UK food system and the scope reduction by 2050, Report for the WWF and Food Climate Research Network, 2010
A. C. Bejarano, J. Michel, “Large-scale risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in shoreline sediments from Saudi Arabia: Environmental legacy after twelve years of the Gulf war oil spill”, Environmental Pollution, Vol. 158, No. 5, pp. 1561-1569, 2010
M. J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Exposure assessment in environmental epidemiology, Oxford University Press, USA, 2015
K. Glenn, M. Jansen, O. Gutierrez, “Quantitative Risk Assessment”, OH3/Assessments, Cost Estimates & Schedules Office (ACES), August 27th, 2015
K. E. Hammermeister, W. G. Henderson, M. R. Bronsert, E. Juarez-Colunga, R. A. Meguid, “Bringing quantitative risk assessment closer to the patient and surgeon: a novel approach to improve outcomes”, Annals of Surgery, Vol. 263, No. 6, pp. 1039-1041, 2016.
Y. Y. Haimes, Risk modeling, assessment, and management, John Wiley & Sons, 2015
G. E. Apostolakis, “How useful is quantitative risk assessment?”, Risk Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 515-520, 2004
M. Abtahi, B. Kaasa, J. E. Vindstad, T. Ostvold, “Calcium carbonate precipitation and ph variations in oil field waters: a comparison between experimental data and model calculations”, Acta Chemica Scandinavica, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 114-121, 1996
E. Zagerdi, H. Nayebi, N. Sydhsam al-Amin, A. Mehrfar, “Banned in terms of the rescheduling trains Passenger rail network lines”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 10-25, 2014
A. Samimi, On the assessment and management of environmental risks in Abadan, Abadan Publication, Iran, 2013
A.Mortazavi, S. Zranzhad, M. Khans, O. Asilian Mahabad, “Examine the factors related to the occurrence of accidents in the construction phase of the oil, gas and petrochemical industries in Assaluyeh”, Scientific Journal Martyr Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 75-83, 2007
MetricsAbstract Views: 450
PDF Downloads: 212
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.