3D Numerical Study and Parametric Analysis of PV/T Design Effect on Thermal and Electrical Performance

Authors

  • Ahmed Saad Eddine Souissi Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia
  • Majed Masmali Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohamed Fterich Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia | Laboratory of Electromechanical Systems (LASEM), University of Sfax, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia |
  • Ezzeddine Touti Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia | Department of Electrical Engineering, Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of Kasserine, Kairouan University, Kairouan, Tunisia
  • Houssam Chouikhi Laboratory of Electromechanical Systems (LASEM), University of Sfax, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia | Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering (CoE), King Faisal University (KFU), PO Box 380 Al-Ahsa 31982, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 14175-14182 | June 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.7227

Abstract

This paper explores the influence of design variations on the electrical and thermal efficiencies of PV/T (Photovoltaic-Thermal) systems. Utilizing COMSOL Multiphysics, three different PVT configurations with varying air duct designs were studied. The results demonstrated significant enhancements in both electrical and thermal efficiencies, with the PVT-3 configuration outperforming PVT-1 and PVT-2. Specifically, PVT-3, incorporating fin-shaped air ducts, exhibited the lowest recorded panel temperature of 55 °C, indicating improved electrical efficiency and thermal performance. Also, PVT-3 achieved the highest average thermal efficiency of 46.35% and the best electrical performance of 13.91%. Furthermore, the study highlights ameliorated airflow dynamics and uniformity within the ducts, particularly with the redesigned air inlet. These findings underscore the importance of design innovations in optimizing temperature management and energy output in PVT systems. It is worth noting that the tests were conducted under identical operating conditions, including air velocity, inlet temperature, ambient temperature, and solar irradiation.

Keywords:

PV/T air collector, air ducts, 3D numerical simulation, Comsol Multiphysics, heat transfer, electrical characteristics

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[1]
A. S. E. Souissi, M. Masmali, M. Fterich, E. Touti, and H. Chouikhi, “3D Numerical Study and Parametric Analysis of PV/T Design Effect on Thermal and Electrical Performance”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 14175–14182, Jun. 2024.

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