Supervised NDVI Composite Thresholding for Arid Region Vegetation Mapping

Authors

  • Ragab Khalil Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Egypt | Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammad Shahiq Khan Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia
  • Yassin Hasan Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia
  • Nacer Nacer Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia
  • Sheroz Khan Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 14420-14427 | June 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.7202

Abstract

Temporal-vegetation mapping bearing temporal-related features is important because it helps to understand the global climate changes that drive resource management and habitat conservation. This paper presents a Supervised Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (SNDVI) approach for mapping the vegetation cover in arid environment regions. The NDVI is used to extract features to classify land as a vegetation cover, water body, or bare soil. Through the use of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), regions can be categorized as dry or sandy, based on the soil reflectance values. NDVI is the most commonly deployed index for accurate vegetation cover estimates. The NDVI values lie in a range from -1 to +1, depending on the environmental region and vegetation conditions. It is difficult to assign a specific threshold value to distinguish between vegetation and non-vegetation for all the eco-regions under a specific landscape and ecological conditions. The proposed approach is based on the quantitative verification of the samples as well as the supervised classification method followed to categorize the images. The SNDVI approach has been applied to three different locations in three different seasons in arid ecoregions to extract features for vegetation mapping. The results disclose that SNDVI is a very reliable parameter in extracting true vegetation cover in arid regions. An accuracy evaluation matrix has been performed for each case study and the overall obtained accuracy value ranged from 82% to 100%, depending on the season of the area under investigation. The utility of the proposed method is determined by bench-marking the results with those of the techniques recently utilized by contemporary researchers.

Keywords:

crop land mapping, vegetation indices, remote sensing

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Author Biographies

Mohammad Shahiq Khan, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia

 

 

Yassin Hasan, Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Saudi Arabia

 

 

 

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How to Cite

[1]
R. Khalil, M. S. Khan, Y. Hasan, N. Nacer, and S. Khan, “Supervised NDVI Composite Thresholding for Arid Region Vegetation Mapping”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 14420–14427, Jun. 2024.

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