Utilization of Solar Energy for Electric Vehicle Charging and the Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings in Northern Cyprus: A Case Study


  • Youssef Kassem Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus | Energy, Environment, and Water Research Center, Near East University, Cyprus
  • Huseyin Gokcekus Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus | Energy, Environment, and Water Research Center, Near East University, Cyprus
  • Almukhtar Aljatlawe Higher Institute of Science and Technology, Libya
Volume: 13 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 11598-11607 | October 2023 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6142


Solar energy represents an opportunity to facilitate the operation of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging stations and cover the energy demand of households, contributing to sustainability and reducing carbon emissions. In light of the emerging need for solar energy as a source of electricity generation for building and charging electric vehicles, this study aimed to assess the technical and economic feasibility of using photovoltaic (PV) systems to generate electricity for residential buildings and meet the changing needs of EVs to reduce energy demand on the grid. To achieve this objective, monthly solar radiation data were collected from the NASA power dataset to assess solar radiation levels in the region and determine the suitability and potential for harnessing solar energy for various applications. The results showed that northern Cyprus has exceptionally abundant and consistently stable solar energy resources. The daily energy for selected residential households and the GÜNSEL B9 and J9 electric cars was estimated to determine the capacity of the required PV systems. In addition, information was collected on the prices of solar panels, inverters, energy storage systems, etc., which were taken into account to evaluate the economic viability of the developed systems. The results demonstrate that the use of solar energy to charge EVs and meet the energy demands of households is technically viable and economically feasible. The use of electric cars offers nearly double the advantages compared to conventional fuel-powered ones, making them a more environmentally sustainable option.


solar energy, techno-econmic fesibility, electic vehicle, GÜNSEL B9, GÜNSEL J9, energy demand, northern Cyprus


Download data is not yet available.


C. Zhao, K. Wang, X. Dong, and K. Dong, "Is smart transportation associated with reduced carbon emissions? The case of China," Energy Economics, vol. 105, Jan. 2022, Art. no. 105715.

"Eco-friendly transportation system in proposed permanent campus of American International University-Bangladesh," in 2017 6th International Conference on Clean Electrical Power (ICCEP), Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy, Jun. 2017.

A. García-Olivares, J. Solé, and O. Osychenko, "Transportation in a 100% renewable energy system," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 158, pp. 266–285, Feb. 2018.

S. Rehman, M. A. Ahmed, M. H. Mohamed, and F. A. Al-Sulaiman, "Feasibility study of the grid connected 10MW installed capacity PV power plants in Saudi Arabia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 80, pp. 319–329, Dec. 2017.

P. Iodice and A. Senatore, "Atmospheric pollution from point and diffuse sources in a National Interest Priority Site located in Italy," Energy & Environment, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 586–596, Aug. 2016.

M. A. Costagliola et al., "Performances and emissions of a 4-stroke motorcycle fuelled with ethanol/gasoline blends," Fuel, vol. 183, pp. 470–477, Nov. 2016.

P. Iodice, G. Langella, and A. Amoresano, "Ethanol in gasoline fuel blends: Effect on fuel consumption and engine out emissions of SI engines in cold operating conditions," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 130, pp. 1081–1089, Feb. 2018.

A. Elgowainy, A. Burnham, M. Wang, J. Molburg, and A. Rousseau, "Well-To-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles," SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 627–644, 2009.

M. Longo, W. Yaïci, and D. Zaninelli, "‘Team Play’ between Renewable Energy Sources and Vehicle Fleet to Decrease Air Pollution," Sustainability, vol. 8, no. 1, Jan. 2016, Art. no. 27.

G. R. Chandra Mouli, P. Bauer, and M. Zeman, "System design for a solar powered electric vehicle charging station for workplaces," Applied Energy, vol. 168, pp. 434–443, Apr. 2016.

A. K. Karmaker, Md. R. Ahmed, Md. A. Hossain, and Md. M. Sikder, "Feasibility assessment & design of hybrid renewable energy based electric vehicle charging station in Bangladesh," Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 39, pp. 189–202, May 2018.

S. Khan, A. Ahmad, F. Ahmad, M. Shafaati Shemami, M. Saad Alam, and S. Khateeb, "A Comprehensive Review on Solar Powered Electric Vehicle Charging System," Smart Science, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 54–79, Jan. 2018.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, A. Iravanian, and R. Gökçekuş, "Predictive suitability of renewable energy for desalination plants: the case of güzelyurt region in northern Cyprus," Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 3657–3677, Sep. 2022.

Y. Kassem, R. Al Zoubi, and H. Gökçekuş, "The Possibility of Generating Electricity Using Small-Scale Wind Turbines and Solar Photovoltaic Systems for Households in Northern Cyprus: A Comparative Study," Environments, vol. 6, no. 4, Apr. 2019, Art. no. 47.

Y. Kassem and H. Gökçekuş, "GHG Emissions and Energy Performance of 1MW Grid-Connecteed Solar PV Plant at Lefke in Northern Cyprus: A Case Study," Disaster Science and Engineering, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 90–98, Dec. 2018.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and S. M. Alsayas, "Freestanding PV solar system- -example of Lefke town in Northern Cyprus," International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 2522–2526, 2019.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and A. Güvensoy, "Techno-Economic Feasibility of Grid-Connected Solar PV System at Near East University Hospital, Northern Cyprus," Energies, vol. 14, no. 22, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 7627.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and R. Gökçekuş, "Economic Feasibility of Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects in Mountain Location, Northern Cyprus," in Climate Change, Natural Resources and Sustainable Environmental Management, 2022, pp. 66–71.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and H. Çamur, "Economic assessment of renewable power generation based on wind speed and solar radiation in urban regions," Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 465–482, Oct. 2018.

C. Gamarra and J. J. Ronk, "Floating solar: an emerging opportunity at the energy-water nexus.," Texas Water Journal, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 32–45, 2019.

Y. C. N. Duarte and P. C. Sentelhas, "NASA/POWER and DailyGridded weather datasets—how good they are for estimating maize yields in Brazil?," International Journal of Biometeorology, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 319–329, Mar. 2020.

R. A. Escobar et al., "Estimating the potential for solar energy utilization in Chile by satellite-derived data and ground station measurements," Solar Energy, vol. 121, pp. 139–151, Nov. 2015.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and H. S. A. Lagili, "A Techno-Economic Viability Analysis of the Two-Axis Tracking Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power System for 25 Selected Coastal Mediterranean Cities," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 7508–7514, Aug. 2021.

Y. Kassem, H. Çamur, and S. M. A. Alhuoti, "Solar Energy Technology for Northern Cyprus: Assessment, Statistical Analysis, and Feasibility Study," Energies, vol. 13, no. 4, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 940.

"NASA POWER | Prediction Of Worldwide Energy Resources." https://power.larc.nasa.gov/.

P. V. Minh, S. Le Quang, and M.-H. Pham, "Technical Economic Analysis of Photovoltaic-Powered Electric Vehicle Charging Stations under Different Solar Irradiation Conditions in Vietnam," Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 6, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 3528.

M. shafiei and A. Ghasemi-Marzbali, "Fast-charging station for electric vehicles, challenges and issues: A comprehensive review," Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 49, May 2022, Art. no. 104136.

Å. L. Sørensen, K. B. Lindberg, I. Sartori, and I. Andresen, "Analysis of residential EV energy flexibility potential based on real-world charging reports and smart meter data," Energy and Buildings, vol. 241, Jun. 2021, Art. no. 110923.

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, O. A. M. Hamad, and F. M. B. Fayid, "Economic Viability of a 6.5kW Off-grid Solar PV with Various Sun-Tracking Systems in Northern Cyprus: A Case Study," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 10608–10621, Apr. 2023.

H. A. Kazem and T. Khatib, "Techno-economical assessment of grid connected photovoltaic power systems productivity in Sohar, Oman," Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 3, pp. 61–65, Sep. 2013.

K. Mohammadi, M. Naderi, and M. Saghafifar, "Economic feasibility of developing grid-connected photovoltaic plants in the southern coast of Iran," Energy, vol. 156, pp. 17–31, Aug. 2018.

"Energetech Solar: Pure sine wave inverter charger- for sustainability." https://energetechsolar.com/off-grid-pure-sine-wave-inverters.

"50KWh 48 Volt Module Energy Storage System | Energetech Solar." https://energetechsolar.com/50kwh-48-volt-module-energy-storage-system.

M. Obeng, S. Gyamfi, N. S. Derkyi, A. T. Kabo-bah, and F. Peprah, "Technical and economic feasibility of a 50 MW grid-connected solar PV at UENR Nsoatre Campus," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 247, Feb. 2020, Art. no. 119159.

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, I. A. A. Albakoush, and K. S. B. Abdullah, "Solar-Powered Solutions for the Water and Energy Shortage Problem: The Case Study of Nahr El Bared, Lebanon," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 10861–10869, Jun. 2023.

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, and F. A. R. Agila, "Techno-Economic Feasibility Assessment for the promotion of Grid-Connected Rooftop PV Systems in Botswana: A Case Study," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 10328–10337, Apr. 2023.

A. B. Owolabi, B. E. K. Nsafon, J. W. Roh, D. Suh, and J.-S. Huh, "Validating the techno-economic and environmental sustainability of solar PV technology in Nigeria using RETScreen Experts to assess its viability," Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 36, Dec. 2019, Art. no. 100542,https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2019.100542.

Y. Kassem and M. H. A. Abdalla, "Modeling predictive suitability to identify the potential of wind and solar energy as a driver of sustainable development in the Red Sea state, Sudan," Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 29, no. 29, pp. 44233–44254, Jun. 2022.


How to Cite

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, and A. Aljatlawe, “Utilization of Solar Energy for Electric Vehicle Charging and the Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings in Northern Cyprus: A Case Study”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 11598–11607, Oct. 2023.


Abstract Views: 267
PDF Downloads: 177

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)