Load Shedding in High-Integrated Wind Energy Power Systems Using Voltage Electrical Distance

Authors

  • T. G. Tran Electrical and Electronics Department, HCMC University of Technology and Education, Vietnam
  • T. A. Nguyen Electrical and Electronics Department, Cao Thang Technical College, Vietnam
  • M. V. Nguyen Hoang HCMC University of Architecture, Vietnam
  • N. A. Nguyen Electrical and Electronics Department, HCMC University of Technology and Education, Vietnam
  • T. T. Tran Electrical and Electronics Department, Cao Thang Technical College, Vietnam

Abstract

This paper presents a load shedding method for power systems with high integration of wind energy, considering their frequency response. The minimum load shedding power needed to restore system frequency to operational limits can be determined by using the modified frequency response model along with secondary frequency control. The voltage electrical distance method can then be applied to appropriately distribute the shedding power to load buses. This method brings selectivity to the problem and minimizes the impact caused by load shedding. The proposed method was validated using simulations on the IEEE 37-bus test system with a modified wind power generator model.

Keywords:

modified frequency response (FR) model, load shedding, voltage electrical distance (VED), secondary frequency control (SFC)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

S. Eryilmaz and C. Kan, "Reliability based modeling and analysis for a wind power system integrated by two wind farms considering wind speed dependence," Reliability Engineering & System Safety, vol. 203, Aug. 2020, Art. no. 107077. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2020.107077

A. Noori, M. Jafari Shahbazadeh, and M. Eslami, "Designing of wide-area damping controller for stability improvement in a large-scale power system in presence of wind farms and SMES compensator," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 119, Apr. 2020, Art. no. 105936. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2020.105936

E. S. N. R. Paidi, H. Marzooghi, J. Yu, and V. Terzija, "Development and Validation of Artificial Neural Network-Based Tools for Forecasting of Power System Inertia With Wind Farms Penetration," IEEE Systems Journal, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 4978–4989, Sep. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSYST.2020.3017640

G. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Liu, T. Liu, and G. Mu, "Ensemble Learning for Power Systems TTC Prediction With Wind Farms," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 16572–16583, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2896198

P. Wang, Z. Zhang, Q. Huang, and W.-J. Lee, "Wind Farm Dynamic Equivalent Modeling Method for Power System Probabilistic Stability Assessment," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 2273–2280, Feb. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2020.2970377

J. Liu, Y. Xu, Z. Y. Dong, and K. P. Wong, "Retirement-Driven Dynamic VAR Planning for Voltage Stability Enhancement of Power Systems With High-Level Wind Power," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 2282–2291, Mar. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2017.2732441

M. Khamies, G. Magdy, S. Kamel, and B. Khan, "Optimal Model Predictive and Linear Quadratic Gaussian Control for Frequency Stability of Power Systems Considering Wind Energy," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 116453–116474, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3106448

T. Le and B. L. N. Phung, "Load Shedding in Microgrids with Consideration of Voltage Quality Improvement," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 6680–6686, Feb. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3931

M. A. Zdiri, A. S. Alshammari, A. A. Alzamil, M. B. Ammar, and H. H. Abdallah, "Optimal Shedding Against Voltage Collapse Based on Genetic Algorithm," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7695–7701, Oct. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4448

P. D. Chung, "Retaining of Frequency in Micro-grid with Wind Turbine and Diesel Generator," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 3646–3651, Dec. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2413

H. Ye, W. Pei, and Z. Qi, "Analytical Modeling of Inertial and Droop Responses From a Wind Farm for Short-Term Frequency Regulation in Power Systems," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 3414–3423, Sep. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2490342

H. Bialas, R. Pawelek, and I. Wasiak, "A Simulation Model for Providing Analysis of Wind Farms Frequency and Voltage Regulation Services in an Electrical Power System," Energies, vol. 14, no. 8, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 2250. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082250

G. Xu, C. Zhu, T. Bi, A. Xue, and J. Hu, "Optimal Frequency Controller Parameters of Wind Turbines Participating System Frequency Control," in 2018 IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM), Dec. 2018, pp. 1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PESGM.2018.8586412

Y. F. Hassan, Y. G. Rashid, and F. M. Tuaimah, "Demand Priority in a Power System With Wind Power Contribution Load Shedding Scheme Based," Journal of Engineering, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 92–111, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31026/j.eng.2019.11.08

W. Gan et al., "Two-Stage Planning of Network-Constrained Hybrid Energy Supply Stations for Electric and Natural Gas Vehicles," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 2013–2026, Feb. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2020.3039493

Y. Tang, J. Dai, J. Ning, J. Dang, Y. Li, and X. Tian, "An Extended System Frequency Response Model Considering Wind Power Participation in Frequency Regulation," Energies, vol. 10, no. 11, Nov. 2017, Art. no. 1797. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en10111797

P. M. Anderson and M. Mirheydar, "A low-order system frequency response model," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 720–729, Dec. 1990. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/59.65898

H. Katsuura and D. A. Sprecher, "Computational aspects of Kolmogorov’s superposition theorem," Neural Networks, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 455–461, Jan. 1994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0893-6080(94)90079-5

J. Zou, C. Peng, Y. Yan, H. Zheng, and Y. Li, "A survey of dynamic equivalent modeling for wind farm," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 40, pp. 956–963, Sep. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.157

P. Wang, Z. Zhang, Q. Huang, N. Wang, X. Zhang, and W.-J. Lee, "Improved Wind Farm Aggregated Modeling Method for Large-Scale Power System Stability Studies," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 6332–6342, Aug. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2828411

M. Krpan and I. Kuzle, "Introducing low-order system frequency response modelling of a future power system with high penetration of wind power plants with frequency support capabilities," IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 12, no. 13, pp. 1453–1461, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-rpg.2017.0811

"IEEE Guide for the Application ofProtective Relays Used for AbnormalFrequency Load Shedding andRestoration," IEEE Power Engineering Society, Standard C37.117-2007, Mar. 2007.

J. H. Eto, J. Undrill, C. Roberts, P. Mackin, and J. Ellis, "Frequency Control Requirements for Reliable Interconnection Frequency Response," Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Feb. 2018.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
T. G. Tran, T. A. Nguyen, M. V. Nguyen Hoang, N. A. Nguyen, and T. T. Tran, “Load Shedding in High-Integrated Wind Energy Power Systems Using Voltage Electrical Distance”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8402–8409, Apr. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 290
PDF Downloads: 171

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)