Water Penetration of Concrete made with Coarse Aggregates from Demolishing Waste
The results of laboratory investigations on water penetration in concrete made with coarse aggregates from demolishing waste are presented in this paper. Seven batches of standard size concrete cubes were cast with recycled aggregates from demolished concrete replacing coarse aggregates in percentages from 0% to 60%. The compressive strength of the samples was evaluated by non-destructive testing with the use of the Schimidz hammer. It was found that the strength reduces with an increase in recycled aggregate percentage. The maximum loss of strength due to the induction of recycled aggregates was 32% in the batch with 60%recycled aggregates. All samples were subject to constant water pressure of 5 bars for 72 hours. From the obtained results it was shown that the water penetration depth increases with increase in recycled aggregates rate. With 10% and 20% replacement the samples allowed less water to penetrate than conventional concrete samples, but 76% more penetration depth was recorded in samples with 60% replacement. Strength and water penetration results from dosages up to 20% show that the durability of the produced concrete allows it to be used in structural members with consideration of strength reduction in the design process. However, more water penetration with higher dosages of recycled aggregates needs proper care in design and usage of the concrete particularly for locations where concrete is exposed to water pressure.
Keywords:green concrete, recycled aggregates, demolishing waste, permeability, water penetration
B. A. Memon, "Recent Development on Use of Demolished Concrete as Coarse Aggregates," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-11, Jan. 2016.
K. McNeil and T. H.-K. Kang, "Recycled Concrete Aggregates: A Review," International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 61-69, Mar. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40069-013-0032-5
Y. Zhuge, "The performance of recycled and quarry aggregates and their effect on permeable concrete," in Proceedings of Concrete 2013, Sydney, Australia, Oct. 2013.
A. Cheng, H.-M. Hsu, S.-J. Chao, and K.-L. Lin, "Experimental study on properties of pervious concrete made with recycled aggregate," International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 104-110, Mar. 2011.
V. Ghorpade and H. Rao, "Strength and permeability characteristics of Fibre reinforced recycled aggregate concrete with different fibres," Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 179-188, Mar. 2010.
6 V. G. Ghorpade, H. S. Rao, "Strength and Permeability Characteristics of Fiber Reinforced High Performance Concrete with Recycled Aggregates", Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2012.
G. F. Peng, Q. B. Liu, Z. B. Guo, Q. X. Hou, S. Q. Cao, and J. F. Zhang, "Mechanical Properties and Permeability of Recycled Aggregate Concrete at Low Water/Binder Ratio," Key Engineering Materials, vol. 477, pp. 16-22, Apr. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.477.16
L. Zong, Z. Fei, and S. Zhang, "Permeability of recycled aggregate concrete containing fly ash and clay brick waste," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 70, pp. 175-182, May 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.02.040
L. A. Pereira-de-Oliveira, M. C. S. Nepomuceno, J. P. Castro-Gomes, and M. F. C. Vila, "Permeability properties of self-compacting concrete with coarse recycled aggregates," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 51, pp. 113-120, Jan. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.10.061
S. Ismail and M. Ramli, "Effects of Adding Fibre on Strength and Permeability of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Containing Treated Coarse RCA," International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 918-924, Aug. 2014.
P. Wu, X. Wang, T. Huang, and W. Zhang, "Permeability and Prediction of Free Chloride Ion in Recycled Aggregate Concrete with Fly Ash," International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol. 9, pp. 3513-3535, Apr. 2014.
F. Özalp, H. D. Yılmaz, M. Kara, Ö. Kaya, and A. Şahin, "Effects of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition wastes on mechanical and permeability properties of paving stone, kerb and concrete pipes," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 110, pp. 17-23, May 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.01.030
H. Wang, X. Sun, J. Wang, and P. J. M. Monteiro, "Permeability of Concrete with Recycled Concrete Aggregate and Pozzolanic Materials under Stress," Materials, vol. 9, no. 4, p. 252, Apr. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9040252
K. Kapoor, S. P. Singh, and B. Singh, "Permeability of self-compacting concrete made with recycled concrete aggregates and metakaolin," Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 293-313, Sep. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21650373.2017.1280426
S. Kamaruddin, "Self-Compacting Concrete with incorporation of Recycled Concrete Aggregates," International Journal of Integrated Engineering, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 164-173, Dec. 2019.
M. T. Lakhiar, N. Mohamad, A. A. Jhatial, S. Sohu, and M. Oad, "Mechanical Properties of Concrete Containing River Indus Sand and Recyclable Concrete Aggregate," Civil Engineering Journal, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 1869-1876-1876, Aug. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091121
A. R. Sandhu, M. T. Lakhiar, A. A. Jhatial, H. Karira, and Q. B. Jamali, "Effect of River Indus Sand and Recycled Concrete Aggregates as Fine and Coarse Replacement on Properties of Concrete," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3832-3835, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2558
W. Z. Taffese, "Suitability Investigation of Recycled Concrete Aggregates for Concrete Production: An Experimental Case Study," Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2018, Sep. 2018, Art. no. 8368351. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8368351
J. Thomas, N. N. Thaickavil, and P. M. Wilson, "Strength and durability of concrete containing recycled concrete aggregates," Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 19, pp. 349-365, Sep. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2018.05.007
S. Kaliannan, S. Nagapan, A. H. Abdullah, S. Sohu, and A. A. Jhatial, "Determining Root Cause of Construction Waste Generation: A Global Context," Civil Engineering Journal, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 2539-2547-2547, Nov. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091179
M. Oad, A. H. Buller, B. A. Memon, N. A. Memon, and S. Sohu, "Long Term Impact in Reinforced Recycled Concrete Beams Under 9-Month Loading," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 4140-4143, Jun. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2697
M. Oad, B. A. Memon, A. H. Buller, and N. A. Memon, "Flexural Behavior of RC Beams Made with Recycled Aggregates Under 12-Month Long Term Loading," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4631-4635, Oct. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3013
A. H. Buller, M. Oad, and B. A. Memon, "Flexural Behavior of Reinforced RAC Beams Exposed to 1000°C Fire for 18 Hours," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 4225-4229, Jun. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2733
A. H. Buller, M. Oad, B. A. Memon, and S. Sohu, "24-hour Fire Produced Effect on Reinforced Recycled Aggregates Concrete Beams," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 4213-4217, Jun. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2764
L. Evangelista and J. Brito, "Permeability properties of fine recycled aggregate concrete," presented at the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management., Limassol, Cyprus, Jun. 2016.
W. Kubissa, R. Jaskulski, and M. Brodňan, "Influence of SCM on the Permeability of Concrete with Recycled Aggregate," Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 583-590, Oct. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPci.8614
J.-C. Souche, P. Devillers, M. Salgues, and E. Garcia Diaz, "Influence of recycled coarse aggregates on permeability of fresh concrete," Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 83, pp. 394-404, Oct. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.08.002
M. Gruszczyński and M. Lenart, "Liquid Penetration Depth and Strength of Concretes Modified with Polymer Admixtures Under the Action of Crude-Oil Products," Materials, vol. 12, no. 23, Nov. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12233900
Standard Test Method for Density, Absorption and Voids in hardened Concrete, ASTM C642, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2013.
S. I. Ahmad and M. A. Hossain, "Water Permeability Characteristics of Normal Strength Concrete Made from Crushed Clay Bricks as Coarse Aggregate," Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2017, Nov. 2017, Art. no. 7279138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7279138
S. H. Adnan, Lee, Y. L. Lee, I. Abdul Rahman, H. Mohd, and M. Wimala, "Water Permeability of Recycled Aggregate Concrete," presented at the Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development Conference, Khon Kaen, Thailand, Jan. 2008.
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 395
PDF Downloads: 246
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.