Partial Discharges in Cavities and their Connection with Dipoles, Space Charges, and Some Phenomena Below Inception Voltage
This paper tries to relate Pedersen’s model on partial discharges and work carried out by Bruning and co-workers on the possibility of the existence of charging phenomena below inception voltage, which may eventually cause deterioration of polymeric insulation. Moreover, with the aid of the Electromagnetic theory, some aspects of the Pedersen’s model are tried to be clarified, especially those which are correlated with space charges, electric dipoles, charge distribution, charge dynamics, and partial discharge activity.
Keywords:Pedersen’s model, partial discharges, dipoles, inception voltage, space charges
G. C. Crichton, P. W. Karlsson, and A. Pedersen, "Partial discharges in ellipsoidal and spheroidal voids," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 335-342, Apr. 1989 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.90292
A. Gemant, "Die Verlustkurve lufrhaeltiger Isolierstoffe," (in German) Zeitschrift Dertechnischen Physik, vol. 13, pp. 184-189, 1932.
A. Gemant and W. V. Philippoff, "Die funkenstrecke mit vorkondensator," Zeitschrift für Technische Physik, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 425-430, 1932.
A. Pedersen, G. C. Crichton, and I. W. McAllister, "The theory and measurement of partial discharge transients," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 487-497, Jun. 1991 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.85121
A. Pedersen, G. C. Crichton, and I. W. McAllister, "The functional relation between partial discharges and induced charge," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 535-543, Aug. 1995 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/94.407019
G. Vardakis and M. Danikas, "The Case of Pedersens' Theory to Model Partial Discharges in Cavities Enclosed in Solid Insulation: A Criticism of Some of its Aspects From an Electrical Engineers' and from a Physicists' Point of View," Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 52, pp. 166-170, Jan. 2001.
A. M. Bruning, D. G. Kasture, F. J. Campbell, and N. H. Turner, "Effect of cavity sub-corona current on polymer insulation life," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 826-836, Aug. 1991 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.83709
E. L. Brancato, "Estimation of lifetime expectancies of motors," IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 5-13, May 1992 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/57.139066
M. G. Danikas and A. M. Bruning, "Comparison of several theoretical sub-corona to corona transition relations with recent experimental results," in Conference Record of the 1992 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation, Jun. 1992, pp. 383-388.
A. M. Bruning and M. G. Danikas, "Observations on discharges above and below CIV in polymer insulation," in 1991 Annual Report. Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Oct. 1991, pp. 638-647.
M. Danikas, X. Zhao, and Y. H. Cheng, "Experimental Data on Epoxy Resin Samples: Small Partial Discharges at Inception Voltage and Some Thoughts on the Possibility of the Existence of Charging Phenomena Below Inception Voltage," Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 62, pp. 292-296, Sep. 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10187-011-0046-7
Y. Zhang, M. Danikas, X. Zhao, and Y. H. Cheng, "Preliminary Experimental Work on Nanocomposite Polymers: Small Partial Discharges at Inception Voltage, The Existence of Possible Charging Mechanisms Below Inception Voltage and the Problem of Definitions," Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 109-114, Mar. 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10187-012-0016-8
A. C. Gjaerde, "Multi-factor ageing of epoxy - The combined effect of temperature and partial discharges," Ph.D. dissertation, Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 1994.
R. J. Densley, "An Investigation into the Growth of Electrical Trees in XLPE Cable Insulation," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-14, no. 3, pp. 148-158, Jun. 1979 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEI.1979.298215
T. Tanaka, "Internal Partial Discharge and Material Degradation," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. EI-21, no. 6, pp. 899-905, Dec. 1986 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEI.1986.348999
R. Bartnikas and J. P. Novak, "On the character of different forms of partial discharge and their related terminologies," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 956-968, Dec. 1993 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.249369
R. Bartnikas and J. P. Novak, "On the spark to pseudoglow and glow transition mechanism and discharge detectability," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 3-14, Feb. 1992 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.123436
M. G. Danikas, R. Bartnikas, and J. P. Novak, "On the spark to pseudoglow and glow transition mechanism and discharge detectability (Discussion, with reply by R. Bartnikas and J.P. Novak)," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 429-431, Jun. 1993 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.236202
M. G. Danikas, "Small partial discharges and their role in insulation deterioration," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 863-867, Dec. 1997 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/94.654733
A. M. Bruning and M. G. Danikas, "Experiments on polymer cavity currents above and below CIV," in Annual Report: Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Victoria, BC, Canada, Oct. 1992, pp. 735-740.
M. G. Danikas, "Some further comments on the fast measurements of partial discharges in polyethylene voids," in 20th Electrical Electronics Insulation Conference, Boston, MA, USA, Oct. 1991, pp. 220-224.
Haghjoo Farhad, Khanahmadloo Esmaeel, and Mohammad Shahrtash S., "Comprehensive 3‐capacitors model for partial discharge in power cables," COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 346-368, Jan. 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/03321641211199791
M. Danikas, "Some Possible New Applications of a PartialDischarge (PD) Model and its Relation to PDDetection Sensitivity," European Transactions on Electrical Power, vol. 6, pp. 445-448, Nov. 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/etep.4450060616
M. G. Danikas, "Discussion, with reply, on 'Assessment of deterioration in epoxy/mica machine insulation' by Y.J. Kim and J.K. Nelson," IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 303-305, Apr. 1993 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/14.212256
N. H. Phillips et al., "Study of Partial Discharge effects of PV backsheet component films. Structure property relationships, and measurement consistency," in 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Seattle, WA, USA, Jun. 2011, pp. 003609-003613 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2011.6185929
I. Iddrissu, "Study of Electrical Strength and Lifetimes of Polymeric Insulation for DC Applications," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK, 2016.
L. Arevalo and D. Wu, "Effect of high dielectric protrusions on the breakdown phenomena of large electrodes under positive switching impulses," in IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Des Moines, IA, USA, Oct. 2014, pp. 51-54 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2014.6995745
I. A. Mammadov, "Partial discharge in electronic equipment," Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic, 2009.
A. Cavallini, L. Lusuardi, and P. Wang, "A model to determine the probability distribution of partial discharge inception voltage as a function of the voltage waveform and of the test procedures," in International Symposium on Electrical Insulating Materials (ISEIM), Toyohashi, Japan, Sep. 2017, vol. 1, pp. 87-90 DOI: https://doi.org/10.23919/ISEIM.2017.8088695
M. Ahmad et al., "A New Statistical Approach for Analysis of Tree Inception Voltage of Silicone Rubber and Epoxy Resin under AC Ramp Voltage," International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 4, pp. 27-39, Mar. 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEEI.2011.6021510
E. M. El-Refaie, M. K. A. Elrahman, and O. Zidane, "Effect of void position on partial discharge properties in different insulating materials," in Nineteenth International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON), Cairo, Egypt, Dec. 2017, pp. 845-850 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MEPCON.2017.8301278
Y. Zhou, N. Wang, and Q. Sun, "Effect of surface topography on space charge characteristic in polyethylene," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 183, 2009, Art no. 012009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/183/1/012009
Y. Ohki et al., "Suppression of packet-like space charge formation in LDPE by the addition of magnesia nanofillers," in 2009 IEEE 9th International Conference on the Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials, Jul. 2009, pp. 9-14 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPADM.2009.5252266
C. Pan, J. Tang, and F. Zeng, "Numerical Modeling of Partial Discharge Development Process," in Plasma Science and Technology - Basic Fundamentals and Modern Applications, H. Jelassi, Ed., London, UK: IntechOpen, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79215
S. Avinash and K. Rajakopala, "Some Aspects of Stress Distribution and Effect of Voids Having Different Gases in MV Power Cables," IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 16-22, Jan. 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/1676-561622
A. Mas'ud, S. Haque, J. Ardila-Rey, Y. Umar, and R. Albarracín, "Electrical Properties of Different Polymeric Materials and their Applications: The Influence of Electric Field," in Properties and Applications of Polymer Dielectrics, B. Du, Ed., London, UK: IntechOpen, 2017.
T. Tanaka and A. Greenwood, "Effects of Charge Injection and Extraction on Tree Initiation in Polyethylene," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. PAS-97, no. 5, pp. 1749-1759, Sep. 1978 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPAS.1978.354668
M. Zahn, Electromagnetic Field Theory: A Problem Solving Approach, 1 edition. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1979.
J. C. Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, vol. 2. London, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1873.
P. C. Clemmow, An Introduction to Electromagnetic Theory. London, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory, New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill, 1941.
Z. Achillides, M. G. Danikas, and E. Kyriakides, "Partial discharge modeling and induced charge concept: Comments and criticism of pedersen's model and associated measured transients," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 1118-1122, Apr. 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2017.006013
Z. Achillides, E. Kyriakides, and M. G. Danikas, "Partial discharge modeling: An advanced capacitive model of void," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1805-1813, Dec. 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2019.008163
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 680
PDF Downloads: 511
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.