Perspectives of Heat Stroke Shield: An IoT based Solution for the Detection and Preliminary Treatment of Heat Stroke


  • S. Javed Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Jinnah University for Women, Pakistan
  • S. Ghazala Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Jinnah University for Women, Pakistan
  • U. Faseeha Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Jinnah University for Women, Pakistan


Heat stroke is considered a major problem in Karachi, with a considerable number of people recorded as victims each year. The proposed Internet-of-Things (IoT) based heat stroke shield works under heat stroke conditions, depending on a heat index value (atmospheric temperature and humidity). The system comprises of a wristband, a hardware kit and an alert system which can pre-notify a wearer regarding his body parameter readings. Moreover, the system can also work as a problem solver, in heat stroke condition, by showering water on the victim. In both cases, an alert will also be generated to the wearer’s caretakers with his GPS location.


Internet-of-Things, gsm module, heat stroke, wearable


Download data is not yet available.


T. P. Hughes et al., “Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals,” pp. 373–377, 2017.

M. S. Nashwan and S. Shahid, “Spatial distribution of unidirectional trends in climate and weather extremes in Nile river basin,” Theor. Appl. Climatol., vol. 137, no. 1–2, pp. 1181–1199, 2019.

M. Akbar Baig, S. Waheed, A. Mian, and E. Hussain, “Unforgiving Heat Wave Deaths in the Largest Metropolitan City of Pakistan: Lessons Learned,” Eurasian J. Emerg. Med., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 209–210, 2015. DOI:

S. Rauf, K. Bakhsh, A. Abbas, S. Hassan, A. Ali, and H. Kächele, “How hard they hit? Perception, adaptation and public health implications of heat waves in urban and peri-urban Pakistan,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 10630–10639, 2017.

N. Khan, S. Shahid, T. Ismail, K. Ahmed, and N. Nawaz, “Trends in heat wave related indices in Pakistan,” Stoch. Environ. Res. Risk Assess., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 287–302, 2019. DOI:

S. G. Saleem, T. Ansari, A. S. Ali, S. Fatima, M. H. Rizvi, and M. A. Samad, “Risk Factors For Heat Related Deaths During The June 2015 Heat Wave In Karachi, Pakistan,” J. Ayub Med. Coll. Abbottabad, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 320–324, 2017.

A. Mhatre, V. Thengre, H. Sharma, and S. Sharma, “Design of Smart Cooling Jacket for 2-Wheeler Riders,” Int. J. Recent Trends Eng. Res., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 211–216, 2018. DOI:

S. Ullah et al., “Observed changes in maximum and minimum temperatures over China- Pakistan economic corridor during 1980–2016,” Atmos. Res., vol. 216, no. September 2018, pp. 37–51, 2019. DOI:

S. Perčič, A. Kukec, T. Cegnar, and A. Hojs, “Number of heat wave deaths by diagnosis, sex, age groups, and area, in Slovenia, 2015 vs. 2003,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2018.

K. Ahmed, S. Shahid, N. Nawaz, and N. Khan, “Modeling climate change impacts on precipitation in arid regions of Pakistan: a non-local model output statistics downscaling approach,” Theor. Appl. Climatol., vol. 137, no. 1–2, pp. 1347–1364, 2019.

T. Lang, “Advancing global health research through digital technology and sharing data,” Science (80-. )., vol. 331, no. 6018, pp. 714–717, 2011.

I. Lee and K. Lee, “The Internet of Things (IoT): Applications, investments, and challenges for enterprises,” Bus. Horiz., vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 431–440, 2015. DOI:

A. Geissbuhler, “Access to health information: a key for better health in the knowledge society.,” Yearb. Med. Inform., pp. 20–21, 2008. DOI:

J. Luo, K. Tang, Y. Chen, and J. Luo, “Remote monitoring information system and its applications based on the internet of things,” FBIE 2009 - 2009 Int. Conf. Futur. Biomed. Inf. Eng., pp. 482–485, 2009.

M. Haghi, K. Thurow, and R. Stoll, “Wearable devices in medical internet of things: Scientific research and commercially available devices,” Healthc. Inform. Res., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 4–15, 2017. DOI:

G. P. Duck, C. S. Seung, W. K. Sung, and T. K. Youn, “Development of flexible self adhesive patch for professional heat stress monitoring service,” Annu. Int. Conf. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. - Proc., vol. 7 VOLS, pp. 3789–3792, 2005.

G. Florea, R. Dobrescu, D. Popescu, and M. Dobrescu, “Wearable System for Heat Stress Monitoring in Firefighting Applications,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Inf. Technol. Comput. Networks (ITCN ’13), pp. 129–134, 2013.

K. Malhi, S. C. Mukhopadhyay, J. Schnepper, M. Haefke, and H. Ewald, “A zigbee-based wearable physiological parameters monitoring system,” IEEE Sens. J., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 423–430, 2012. DOI:

T. Hamatani, A. Uchiyama, and T. Higashino, “HeatWatch: Preventing heatstroke using a smart watch,” 2017 IEEE Int. Conf. Pervasive Comput. Commun. Work. PerCom Work. 2017, no. March, pp. 661–666, 2017.

S. Garethiya et al., “Affordable system for alerting, monitoring and controlling heat stroke inside vehicles,” 2015 Int. Conf. Ind. Instrum. Control. ICIC 2015, no. September, pp. 1506–1511, 2015.

H. Mahdin, A. H. Omar, S. S. Yaacob, S. Kasim, and M. F. M. Fudzee, “Minimizing Heatstroke Incidents for Young Children Left inside Vehicle,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 160, no. 1, 2016. DOI:

F. G. Gaudio and C. K. Grissom, “Cooling Methods in Heat Stroke,” J. Emerg. Med., vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 607–616, 2016. DOI:

A. Bouchama, M. Dehbi, and E. Chaves-Carballo, “Cooling and hemodynamic management in heatstroke: Practical recommendations,” Crit. Care, vol. 11, no. 3, 2007. DOI:

J. E. Smith, “Cooling methods used in the treatment of exertional heat illness,” Br. J. Sports Med., vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 503–507, 2005. DOI:

A. J. Kielblock, J. P. Van Rensburg, and R. M. Franz, “Body cooling as a method for reducing hyperthermia. An evaluation of techniques.,” South African Med. journal. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskr. vir Geneeskd., vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 378–380, 1986.

K. Karthik, T. Suraj, K. Lokesh, and P. Arun, “Arduino Based Weather Monitoring System,” Int. J. Eng. Res. Gen. Sci., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 452–458, 2015.

A. D. Deshmukh and U. B. Shinde, “A low cost environment monitoring system using raspberry pi and Arduino with Zigbee,” Proc. Int. Conf. Inven. Comput. Technol. ICICT 2016, vol. 2016, no. Icict, pp. 764–769, 2016.

S. Lee, J. Jo, Y. Kim, and H. Stephen, “A framework for environmental monitoring with arduino-based sensors using restful web service,” Proc. - 2014 IEEE Int. Conf. Serv. Comput. SCC 2014, no. June, pp. 275–282, 2014. DOI:

S. Ferdoush and X. Li, “Wireless sensor network system design using Raspberry Pi and Arduino for environmental monitoring applications,” Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 34, pp. 103–110, 2014. DOI:

V. Tiwari, A. Keskar, and N. Shivaprakash, “Design of an IoT Enabled Local Network Based Home Monitoring System with a Priority Scheme,” Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1464–1472, 2016.

S. Zafar, G. Miraj, R. Baloch, D. Murtaza, and K. Arshad, “An IoT Based Real-Time Environmental Monitoring System Using Arduino and Cloud Service,” Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3238–3242, 2018.

P. O. Antonio, C. M. Rocio, R. Vicente, B. Carolina, and B. Boris, “Heat stroke detection system based in IoT,” 2017 IEEE 2nd Ecuador Tech. Chapters Meet. ETCM 2017, vol. 2017-Janua, pp. 1–6, 2018.


How to Cite

S. Javed, S. Ghazala, and U. Faseeha, “Perspectives of Heat Stroke Shield: An IoT based Solution for the Detection and Preliminary Treatment of Heat Stroke”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5576–5580, Apr. 2020.


Abstract Views: 535
PDF Downloads: 530

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)